Quantifying progressive anterior overgrowth in the thoracic vertebrae of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients: a sequential magnetic resonance imaging study

Newell, Nicolas, Grant, Caroline A., Keenan, Bethany E., Izatt, Maree T., Pearcy, Mark J. and Adam, Clayton J. (2016) Quantifying progressive anterior overgrowth in the thoracic vertebrae of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients: a sequential magnetic resonance imaging study. Spine, 41 7: E382-E387. doi:10.1097/brs.0000000000001265


Author Newell, Nicolas
Grant, Caroline A.
Keenan, Bethany E.
Izatt, Maree T.
Pearcy, Mark J.
Adam, Clayton J.
Title Quantifying progressive anterior overgrowth in the thoracic vertebrae of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients: a sequential magnetic resonance imaging study
Journal name Spine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0362-2436
1528-1159
Publication date 2016-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/brs.0000000000001265
Volume 41
Issue 7
Start page E382
End page E387
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Study Design. Anterior and posterior vertebral body heights were measured from sequential magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients and healthy controls.

Objective. To measure changes in vertebral body height over time during scoliosis progression to assess how vertebral body height discrepancies change during growth.

Summary of Background Data. Relative anterior overgrowth has been proposed as a potential driver for AIS initiation and progression. This theory proposes that the anterior column grows faster, and the posterior column slower, in AIS patients when compared with healthy controls. There is a disagreement in the literature as to whether the anterior vertebral body heights are proportionally greater than posterior vertebral body heights in AIS patients when compared with healthy controls. To some extent, these discrepancies may be attributed to methodological differences.

Methods. MRI scans of the major curve of 21 AIS patients (mean age 12.5 ± 1.4 years, mean Cobb 32.2 ± 12.8 degrees) and between T4 and T12 of 21 healthy adolescents (mean age 12.1 ± 0.5 years) were captured for this study. Of the 21 AIS patients, 14 had a second scan on average 10.8 ± 4.7 months after the first. Anterior and posterior vertebral body heights were measured from the true sagittal plane of each vertebra such that anterior overgrowth could be quantified.

Results. The difference between anterior and posterior vertebral body height in healthy, nonscoliotic children was significantly greater than in AIS patients with mild to moderate scoliosis. There was; however, no significant relationship between the overall anterior-posterior vertebral body height difference in AIS and either severity of the curve or its progression over time.

Conclusion. Whilst AIS patients have a proportionally longer anterior column than nonscoliotic controls, the degree of anterior overgrowth was not related to the rate of progression or the severity of the scoliotic curve.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
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Created: Fri, 01 Apr 2016, 21:31:59 EST by Julia McCabe on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)