This thesis explored the relationship between an individual’s sexual drought – an extended period of time without dating, kissing, sexual activity and sexual intercourse – and their mate selection preferences, attempting to further understand human relationships through determining another component that can impact one’s mating choices. The main goal of this study was to determine whether a sexual drought influences an individual’s perception of sexual interest, by increasing their abilities to perceive sexual interest or respond to sexual interest, which in turn would influence one’s mating choices. Participants first took part in a speed dating session, in which they talked to opposite-sex participants and rated their perceived sexual interest towards and from the other participant. They were then asked to complete a questionnaire asking about their previous romantic and sexual encounters, in order to get a self-reported measure of their sexual drought. Contrary to the proposed hypotheses, participants did not increase their abilities to perceive sexual interest when they were in a sexual drought. Participants in a sexual drought were also not more likely to be sexually interested in others who they perceived were sexually interested in them. Despite no major results being found, the presented research contributes to the growing literature of human mating, especially with regards to mate choice and willingness to compromise. Further research is needed in order to understand the complex nature of mate choice, and how other factors may be impacting mate choices.