Factors affecting the relationship between arterial and end-tidal carbon dioxide pressures in the anaesthetized horse

Rainger, JE, Dart, CM and Perkins, NR (2010) Factors affecting the relationship between arterial and end-tidal carbon dioxide pressures in the anaesthetized horse. Australian Veterinary Journal, 88 1-2: 13-19. doi:10.1111/j.1751-0813.2009.00535.x


Author Rainger, JE
Dart, CM
Perkins, NR
Title Factors affecting the relationship between arterial and end-tidal carbon dioxide pressures in the anaesthetized horse
Journal name Australian Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-0423
1751-0813
Publication date 2010-01
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1751-0813.2009.00535.x
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 88
Issue 1-2
Start page 13
End page 19
Total pages 7
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective To assess the effects of the duration of anaesthesia, position of recumbency, mode of ventilation, anaesthetic drug protocol, patient age and type of surgical procedure on the usefulness of capnometry as a measure of the partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (Paco2) during general anaesthesia in horses.

Design A prospective study compared the Paco2 values with those of partial pressure of end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETco2) in horses anaesthetised for elective or emergency surgical procedures. The difference between Paco2 and ETco2 (Paco2− ETco2) and the physiological dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) were calculated. The effects of the study parameters on these variables was determined.

Results The agreement between Paco2 and ETco2 was poor. Paco2− ETco2 and VD/VT during the first 60 min of anaesthesia was significantly less than after 60 min of anaesthesia. Mode of ventilation, position of recumbency, anaesthetic drug protocol, patient age and type of procedure did not have a significant affect on either value.

Conclusions Paco2− ETco2 in anaesthetised horses can be large, making ETco2 unreliable as a predictor of Paco2 and for assessment of pulmonary ventilation. For anaesthesia lasting less than 60 min at least one blood gas analysis of an arterial blood sample is required to assess Paco2− ETco2. Arterial blood gas analysis should be repeated after 60 min of general anaesthesia.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 30 Mar 2016, 18:21:18 EST by Nigel Perkins on behalf of School of Veterinary Science