How might adaptation to climate change by smallholder farming communities contribute to climate change mitigation outcomes? A case study from Timor-Leste, Southeast Asia

Chandra, Alvin, Dargusch, Paul and McNamara, Karen E. (2016) How might adaptation to climate change by smallholder farming communities contribute to climate change mitigation outcomes? A case study from Timor-Leste, Southeast Asia. Sustainability Science, 11 3: 477-492. doi:10.1007/s11625-016-0361-9


Author Chandra, Alvin
Dargusch, Paul
McNamara, Karen E.
Title How might adaptation to climate change by smallholder farming communities contribute to climate change mitigation outcomes? A case study from Timor-Leste, Southeast Asia
Journal name Sustainability Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1862-4057
1862-4065
Publication date 2016-05
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11625-016-0361-9
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 11
Issue 3
Start page 477
End page 492
Total pages 16
Place of publication Kudan-kita, Tokyo, Japan
Publisher Springer Japan KK
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract The agriculture industry is significantly exposed to the impacts of climate change, and is also responsible for contributing extensive greenhouse gas emissions. As a way of responding to both adaptation and mitigation challenges within the industry, this article examines how community-based climate change adaptation initiatives might provide mitigation outcomes in the agriculture sector in Timor-Leste. Beginning with an exploration of nation-wide institutional responses to climate change, the study utilises interviews, field observations and document analysis to examine an extensive community-based adaptation program in two districts in Timor-Leste focused on increasing the resilience of the agriculture sector and the livelihoods of poor rural farmers. Analysis of this program reveals a largely synergistic relationship between adaptation measures focused on land and water management and agriculture and their corresponding greenhouse gas mitigation potential, including co-benefits such as soil/atmospheric carbon sequestration, reduced emissions, soil nitrification and reduced use of inorganic fertilisers. Community-based adaptation programs in the agriculture sector have a significant influence on mitigation outcomes, which is often overlooked in community-based programs. The adaptation program in Timor-Leste has provided useful insights into the inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation at the community level, which could be further supported and scaled-up in other Southeast Asia countries and elsewhere.
Keyword Agriculture
Community-based adaptation
Integrated
Mitigation
Smallholder
Synergies
Timor-Leste
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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