Training and the attentional blink: limits overcome or expectations raised?

Tang, Matthew F., Badcock, David R. and Visser, Troy A. W. (2014) Training and the attentional blink: limits overcome or expectations raised?. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 21 2: 406-411. doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0491-3

Author Tang, Matthew F.
Badcock, David R.
Visser, Troy A. W.
Title Training and the attentional blink: limits overcome or expectations raised?
Journal name Psychonomic Bulletin and Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1531-5320
Publication date 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/s13423-013-0491-3
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 21
Issue 2
Start page 406
End page 411
Total pages 6
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Abstract The attentional blink (AB) refers to a deficit in reporting the second of two sequentially presented targets when they are separated by less than 500 ms. Two decades of research has suggested that the AB is a robust phenomenon that is likely attributable to a fundamental limit in sequential object processing. This assumption, however, has recently been undermined by a demonstration that the AB can be eliminated after only a few hundred training trials (Choi, Chang, Shibata, Sasaki, & Watanabe in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:12242-12247, 2012). In the present work, we examined whether this training benefited performance directly, by eliminating processing limitations as claimed, or indirectly, by creating expectations about when targets would appear. Consistent with the latter option, when temporal expectations were reduced, training-related improvements declined significantly. This suggests that whereas training may ameliorate the AB indirectly, the processing limits evidenced in the AB cannot be directly eliminated by brief exposure to the task.
Keyword Attentional blink
Temporal prediction
Temporal preparation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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