Perspective on serum dioxin levels in the United States: an evaluation of the NHANES data

LaKind, Judy S., Hays, Sean M., Aylward, Lesa L. and Naiman, Daniel Q. (2009) Perspective on serum dioxin levels in the United States: an evaluation of the NHANES data. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 19 4: 435-441. doi:10.1038/jes.2008.63

Author LaKind, Judy S.
Hays, Sean M.
Aylward, Lesa L.
Naiman, Daniel Q.
Title Perspective on serum dioxin levels in the United States: an evaluation of the NHANES data
Journal name Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1559-0631
Publication date 2009-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/jes.2008.63
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 19
Issue 4
Start page 435
End page 441
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released its third set of nationally representative data on serum levels of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and non-ortho and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the United States collected during the 2003-2004 sampling period as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We utilize the serum PCDD/F data from the three NHANES sampling periods spanning 1999-2004 to assess whether there are discernable temporal trends in the United States, either for the overall population or by age. We also compare population serum data to biomonitoring equivalents (BEs) derived for PCDDs/Fs/PCBs; BEs are estimates of the concentration of PCDD/Fs/PCBs corresponding to existing exposure guidance values estimated by various governmental agencies. The serum PCDD/F data from 1999 to 2004 provide evidence that levels in the US population are declining, mirroring international trends, although the lower levels are principally observable in the 2003-2004 time period. Examining the trend by population age, from the 1999 to 2004, PCDD/F serum levels decreased by 56% for the 12-to 19-year-old group and by 38% for the 20-to 39-year olds. A slight nonsignificant decrease was observed for 40-to 59-year olds and a slight significant increase was found for 60 year olds. Interpretation of the data across time is complicated by certain aspects of the data unique to the various sampling time periods; thus, caution should be exercised when evaluating trend information. The population mean PCDD/F/PCB TEQ is approximately equal to the BE based on the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's Minimum Risk Level and is approximately 2-4 times lower than the remaining BEs, placing the population mean at the border between medium and low priority levels. However, certain segments of the population have levels at the medium/high priority level (e.g., the 95th percentiles for ages 60 years and older).
Keyword Biomonitoring equivalent
Temporal trends
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 19 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 24 Mar 2016, 11:29:14 EST by System User on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)