Application of human biomonitoring (HBM) of chemical exposure in the characterisation of health risks under REACH

Boogaard, Peter J., Aylward, Lesa L. and Hays, Sean M. (2012) Application of human biomonitoring (HBM) of chemical exposure in the characterisation of health risks under REACH. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 215 2: 238-241. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2011.09.009

Author Boogaard, Peter J.
Aylward, Lesa L.
Hays, Sean M.
Title Application of human biomonitoring (HBM) of chemical exposure in the characterisation of health risks under REACH
Journal name International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1438-4639
Publication date 2012-02
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijheh.2011.09.009
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 215
Issue 2
Start page 238
End page 241
Total pages 4
Place of publication Muenchen, Germany
Publisher Elsevier GmbH - Urban und Fischer
Language eng
Formatted abstract
REACH requires health risk management for workers and the general population and introduced the concept of Derived No-Effect Level (DNEL). DNELs must be derived for all substances that are classified as hazardous. In analogy to other health-risk based guidance values, such as reference doses (RfDs) and tolerable daily intakes (TDIs), risk to health is considered negligible if the actual exposure is less than the DNEL. Exposure assessment is relatively simple for occupational situations but more complex for the general public, in which exposure may occur via multiple pathways, routes, and media. For such complex or partially defined exposure scenarios, human biomonitoring (HBM) gives a snapshot of the internal or absorbed dose of a chemical and is often the most reliable exposure assessment methodology. For human risk management, HBM data can be interpreted using the recently developed concept of Biomonitoring Equivalents (BEs). Basically, a BE translates an established reference value into a biomarker concentration using toxicokinetic data. If the results of an exposure assessment using HBM indicate that the levels measured are below the DNEL-based BE (BEDNEL), it would indicate that the combined exposure via all potential exposure routes is unlikely to pose a risk to human health and that health risk management measures might not be needed. Hence, BEs do not challenge existing risk assessments but rather build upon them to help risk management, the ultimate goal of any risk assessment. A challenge in implementing this approach forms the limited availability of toxicokinetic information for many substances. However, methodologies such as generic physiologically based toxicokinetic models, which allow estimation of biomarker concentrations based on physicochemical properties, are being developed for less data-rich chemicals. Acceptance of the use of BE by regulatory authorities will allow initial screening of population exposure to chemicals to identify those chemicals requiring more detailed risk and exposure assessment, assisting in priority setting and ultimately leading to improved product stewardship and risk management.
Keyword Biomonitoring Equivalent
Human biomonitoring
Risk assessment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Pharmacy Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 24 Mar 2016, 11:22:01 EST by System User on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)