Microcredit programme participation and household food security in rural Bangladesh

Islam, Asadul, Maitra, Chandana, Pakrashi, Debayan and Smyth, Russell (2016) Microcredit programme participation and household food security in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 67 2: 448-470. doi:10.1111/1477-9552.12151

Author Islam, Asadul
Maitra, Chandana
Pakrashi, Debayan
Smyth, Russell
Title Microcredit programme participation and household food security in rural Bangladesh
Journal name Journal of Agricultural Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1477-9552
Publication date 2016-06
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1477-9552.12151
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 67
Issue 2
Start page 448
End page 470
Total pages 23
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Lack of access to credit prevents poor households in developing countries from diversifying into income-generating activities that could safeguard them against unforeseen shocks and seasonality, leaving them susceptible to food deprivation, even when aggregate food supplies are adequate. Microcredit programmes help these households to access financial capital that could help improve their food security situation. We examine how microcredit affects different measures of food security; namely, household calorie availability, dietary diversity indicators and anthropometric status of women of reproductive age (15-49 years) and children under the age of 5 years. We find that microcredit programme participation increases calorie availability both at the intensive and extensive margins, but does not improve dietary diversity and only has mixed effects on the anthropometric measures. We also find that the effect of microcredit participation on food security may be non-linear in which participation initially has either no effect on food security or may actually worsen it, before improving it in the longer run. Our results help to explain why existing short-term evaluations of microcredit sometimes do not show any positive effects.
Keyword Calorie availability
Dietary diversity
Food security
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Economics Publications
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