Drunk driving offenders' knowledge and behaviour in relation to alcohol-involved driving in Yinchuan and a comparison with Guangzhou, China

Jia, Keqin, King, Mark, Fleiter, Judy J., Sheehan, Mary, Ma, Wenjun, Lei, Jing and Zhang, Jianzhen (2016) Drunk driving offenders' knowledge and behaviour in relation to alcohol-involved driving in Yinchuan and a comparison with Guangzhou, China. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 38 182-193. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.011


Author Jia, Keqin
King, Mark
Fleiter, Judy J.
Sheehan, Mary
Ma, Wenjun
Lei, Jing
Zhang, Jianzhen
Title Drunk driving offenders' knowledge and behaviour in relation to alcohol-involved driving in Yinchuan and a comparison with Guangzhou, China
Journal name Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1369-8478
1873-5517
Publication date 2016-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.011
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 38
Start page 182
End page 193
Total pages 12
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: This study was conducted after a legislative amendment criminalising drunk driving (BAC > 80 mg/100 ml) had been in force for a year and investigated whether drunk driving offenders in Yinchuan, China were aware of the law, and whether their knowledge of and exposure to enforcement and the existence of alcohol use disorders were related to their alcohol-involved driving behaviour. The results were compared with results from an earlier study in Guangzhou, China.
Method: A survey was conducted from July to October 2012 in Yinchuan to collect information on drunk driving offenders’ knowledge and practice in relation to alcohol-involved driving. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was used to assess hazardous drinking levels. In total, 106 drunk driving offenders were recruited while in detention. The findings were compared with those of the Guangzhou study, where the same procedure was used to recruit 101 drunk driving offenders.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 31.7 years (SD = 8.1; range 17–59 years). Males constituted 96% of the sample. The mean age at which offenders reported starting to drink alcohol was 18.7 years (SD = 3.2; range 10–26 years). Driver’s licenses had been held for an average of 8.5 years. The status of knowledge in relation to alcohol-involved driving in Yinchuan was slightly lower in proportion than in Guangzhou. The rate of alcohol-involved driving reported in the previous 12 months in Yinchuan (43%) was slightly higher than in Guangzhou (39%). The proportion of recidivists in Guangzhou (21.8%) was higher than Yinchuan’s (10.4%). On average, offenders had experienced 1.6 police alcohol breath tests in the previous year (SD = 1.3; range 1–10). AUDIT scores indicated that a substantial proportion of the offenders had high levels of alcohol use disorders.
Discussion: Limited awareness of legal alcohol limits might contribute to drunk driving offences. The high level of alcohol consumption by many offenders suggests that hazardous drinking levels may be a contributor. Recidivist drivers also had higher AUDIT scores, which suggest there may be benefit in using the AUDIT to identify potential drink drivers and recidivists, subject to further research.
Keyword Alcohol-involved driving
AUDIT
China
Drunk driving offender
Road safety
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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