A cross-cultural study of explicit and implicit motivation for long-term volunteering

Aydinli, Arzu, Bender, Michael, Chasiotis, Athanosios, van de Vijver, Fons J. R., Cemalcilar, Zeynep, Chong, Alice and Yue, Xiadong (2016) A cross-cultural study of explicit and implicit motivation for long-term volunteering. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 45 2: 375-396. doi:10.1177/0899764015583314


Author Aydinli, Arzu
Bender, Michael
Chasiotis, Athanosios
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Cemalcilar, Zeynep
Chong, Alice
Yue, Xiadong
Title A cross-cultural study of explicit and implicit motivation for long-term volunteering
Journal name Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0899-7640
1552-7395
Publication date 2016-04-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0899764015583314
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 45
Issue 2
Start page 375
End page 396
Total pages 22
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract We propose a model of volunteering and test its validity across four cultural groups. We hypothesize that individuals’ explicit prosocial motivation relates positively to sustained volunteering, which is conceptualized as a latent factor comprising activity as a volunteer, service length, service frequency, and hours of volunteering. Moreover, we introduced implicit prosocial motivation and hypothesized that the relationship between explicit prosocial motivation and sustained volunteering would be amplified by implicit prosocial motivation. Data were collected from samples in China, Germany, Turkey, and the United States. Results confirmed our expectation that, across cultures, sustained volunteering was associated with explicit prosocial motivation and that the relationship between explicit prosocial motivation and sustained volunteering was strongest when implicit prosocial motivation was also high. By including implicit prosocial motivation, our study offers a novel approach to identifying sustained volunteer involvement, which can be of particular relevance for recruitment activities of voluntary organizations across various cultural contexts.
Keyword Volunteering
Culture
Implicit motivation
Explicit motivation
Prosocial behavior
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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