Prevention, early intervention, harm reduction, and treatment of substance use in young people

Stockings, Emily, Hall, Wayne D., Lynskey, Michael, Morley, Katherine I., Reavley, Nicola, Strang, John, Patton, George and Degenhardt, Louisa (2016) Prevention, early intervention, harm reduction, and treatment of substance use in young people. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3 3: 280-296. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00002-X


Author Stockings, Emily
Hall, Wayne D.
Lynskey, Michael
Morley, Katherine I.
Reavley, Nicola
Strang, John
Patton, George
Degenhardt, Louisa
Title Prevention, early intervention, harm reduction, and treatment of substance use in young people
Journal name The Lancet Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2215-0374
2215-0366
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)00002-X
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 3
Issue 3
Start page 280
End page 296
Total pages 17
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract We did a systematic review of reviews with evidence on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, harm reduction, and treatment of problem use in young people for tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs (eg, cannabis, opioids, amphetamines, or cocaine). Taxation, public consumption bans, advertising restrictions, and minimum legal age are effective measures to reduce alcohol and tobacco use, but are not available to target illicit drugs. Interpretation of the available evidence for school-based prevention is affected by methodological issues; interventions that incorporate skills training are more likely to be effective than information provision-which is ineffective. Social norms and brief interventions to reduce substance use in young people do not have strong evidence of effectiveness. Roadside drug testing and interventions to reduce injection-related harms have a moderate-to-large effect, but additional research with young people is needed. Scarce availability of research on interventions for problematic substance use in young people indicates the need to test interventions that are effective with adults in young people. Existing evidence is from high-income countries, with uncertain applicability in other countries and cultures and in subpopulations differing in sex, age, and risk status. Concerted efforts are needed to increase the evidence base on interventions that aim to reduce the high burden of substance use in young people.
Keyword Effectiveness of prevention
Early intervention
Harm reduction
Treatment of problem use
Adolescence
Substance use
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research Publications
 
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