The increasing global health priority of substance use in young people

Degenhardt, Louisa, Stockings, Emily, Patton, George, Hall, Wayne D. and Lynskey, Michael (2016) The increasing global health priority of substance use in young people. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3 3: 251-264. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00508-8


Author Degenhardt, Louisa
Stockings, Emily
Patton, George
Hall, Wayne D.
Lynskey, Michael
Title The increasing global health priority of substance use in young people
Journal name The Lancet Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2215-0374
2215-0366
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00508-8
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 3
Issue 3
Start page 251
End page 264
Total pages 14
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Substance use in young people (aged 10-24 years) might disrupt key periods of transition that occur as the adolescent brain undergoes cognitive and emotional development, and key psychosocial transitions are made. Adolescence is the peak time for initiation of substance use, with tobacco and alcohol usually preceding the use of illicit drugs. Substantial variation is noted between countries in the levels, types, and sequences of substance use in young people, indicating that a young person's use of substances depends on their social context, drug availability, and their personal characteristics. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study suggests that the burden attributable to substance use increases substantially in adolescence and young adulthood. In young men aged 20-24 years, alcohol and illicit substance use are responsible for 14% of total health burden. Alcohol causes most health burden in eastern Europe, and illicit drug burden is higher in the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and western Europe. Large gaps exist in epidemiological data about the extent of drug use worldwide and much of what we know about the natural history of substance use comes from cohort studies in high-income countries undertaken decades ago, which hinders effective global policy responses. In view of the global epidemiological transitions from diseases of poverty to non-communicable diseases, the burden of disease and health risks among adolescents and young adults is likely to change substantially, in ways that will no doubt see substance use playing an increasingly large part.
Keyword Substance use
Adolescence
Cognitive and emotional development
Total health burden
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Centre for Youth Substance Abuse Research Publications
 
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