Recent evidence on the effectiveness of group model building

Scott, Rodney J., Cavana, Robert Y. and Cameron, Donald (2016) Recent evidence on the effectiveness of group model building. European Journal of Operational Research, 249 3: 908-918. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2015.06.078

Author Scott, Rodney J.
Cavana, Robert Y.
Cameron, Donald
Title Recent evidence on the effectiveness of group model building
Journal name European Journal of Operational Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0377-2217
Publication date 2016-03-16
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ejor.2015.06.078
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 249
Issue 3
Start page 908
End page 918
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Group model building (GMB) is a participatory approach to using system dynamics in group decision-making and problem structuring. This paper considers the published quantitative evidence base for GMB since the earlier literature review by Rouwette et al. (2002), to consider the level of understanding on three basic questions: what does it achieve, when should it be applied, and how should it be applied or improved? There have now been at least 45 such studies since 1987, utilising controlled experiments, field experiments, pretest/posttest, and observational research designs. There is evidence of GMB achieving a range of outcomes, particularly with regard to the behaviour of participants and their learning through the process. There is some evidence that GMB is more effective at supporting communication and consensus than traditional facilitation, however GMB has not been compared to other problem structuring methods. GMB has been successfully applied in a range of contexts, but there is little evidence on which to select between different GMB tools, or to understand when certain tools may be more appropriate. There is improving evidence on how GMB works, but this has not yet been translated into changing practice. Overall the evidence base for GMB has continued to improve, supporting its use for improving communication and agreement between participants in group decision processes. This paper argues that future research in group model building would benefit from three main shifts: from single cases to multiple cases; from controlled settings to applied settings; and by augmenting survey results with more objective measures.
Keyword Behavioural OR
Group model building
System dynamics
Literature review
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2016 Collection
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Created: Sun, 13 Mar 2016, 00:28:08 EST by System User on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences