Childhood behavior problems and fighting in early adulthood: what factors are protective?

Vassallo, Suzanne, Edwards, Ben and Forrest, Walter (2016) Childhood behavior problems and fighting in early adulthood: what factors are protective?. Journal of Criminal Justice, 45 85-93. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.010

Author Vassallo, Suzanne
Edwards, Ben
Forrest, Walter
Title Childhood behavior problems and fighting in early adulthood: what factors are protective?
Journal name Journal of Criminal Justice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0047-2352
Publication date 2016-02-21
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.010
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 45
Start page 85
End page 93
Total pages 9
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: To identify factors that protected children with high externalizing problems at age 11-12 from fighting six to eight years later.

Methods: Regression models were used to identify risk-based and interactive protective factors against fighting at ages 17-18 and 19-20, among approximately 1100 Australian Temperament Project participants. To determine whether protective factors were developmentally-sensitive, analyses were repeated at four time points spanning ages 11 to 20.

Results: A number of protective factors were identified, however, few remained significant after controlling for other protective factors and demographic variables. Among high-risk youth, high self-control was consistently associated with lower levels of fighting at 19-20 (and to a lesser extent, 17-18). Positive relationships with teachers in early adolescence also emerged as a risk-based protective factor against fighting (at 19-20). Additionally, both factors appeared to moderate the influence of childhood behavior problems on subsequent fighting, exhibiting protective-enhancing effects. High responsibility and supportive peer relationships in late childhood were also found to be significant risk modifiers, with responsibility having a protective-enhancing effect against fighting, and peer relationships, a protective-stabilizing pattern.

Conclusions: Self-control was the most influential protective factor in reducing the risk of fighting at 17-18 and 19-20 for those with high childhood externalizing problems.
Keyword Fighting
Externalizing problems
Protective factors
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
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Created: Fri, 11 Mar 2016, 15:06:51 EST by Walter Forrest on behalf of School of Social Science