Potential for genetic improvement of sugarcane as a source of biomass for biofuels

Hoang, Nam V., Furtado, Agnelo, Botha, Frederik C., Simmons, Blake A. and Henry, Robert J. (2015) Potential for genetic improvement of sugarcane as a source of biomass for biofuels. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 3 1-15. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2015.00182

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Author Hoang, Nam V.
Furtado, Agnelo
Botha, Frederik C.
Simmons, Blake A.
Henry, Robert J.
Title Potential for genetic improvement of sugarcane as a source of biomass for biofuels
Journal name Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2296-4185
Publication date 2015-11-17
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.3389/fbioe.2015.00182
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 3
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) has great potential as a major feedstock for biofuel production worldwide. It is considered among the best options for producing biofuels today due to an exceptional biomass production capacity, high carbohydrate (sugar + fiber) content, and a favorable energy input/output ratio. To maximize the conversion of sugarcane biomass into biofuels, it is imperative to generate improved sugarcane varieties with better biomass degradability. However, unlike many diploid plants, where genetic tools are well developed, biotechnological improvement is hindered in sugarcane by our current limited understanding of the large and complex genome. Therefore, understanding the genetics of the key biofuel traits in sugarcane and optimization of sugarcane biomass composition will advance efficient conversion of sugarcane biomass into fermentable sugars for biofuel production. The large existing phenotypic variation in Saccharum germplasm and the availability of the current genomics technologies will allow biofuel traits to be characterized, the genetic basis of critical differences in biomass composition to be determined, and targets for improvement of sugarcane for biofuels to be established. Emerging options for genetic improvement of sugarcane for the use as a bioenergy crop are reviewed. This will better define the targets for potential genetic manipulation of sugarcane biomass composition for biofuels.
Keyword Sugarcane
Biofuels
Biomass for biofuels
Biofuel traits
Association studies
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2016 Collection
 
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Created: Wed, 02 Mar 2016, 15:25:00 EST by Annie Morley on behalf of Qld Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation