From squatter settlement to suburb: the transformation of Bathore, Albania

Pojani, Dorina (2013) From squatter settlement to suburb: the transformation of Bathore, Albania. Housing Studies, 28 6: 805-821. doi:10.1080/02673037.2013.760031


Author Pojani, Dorina
Title From squatter settlement to suburb: the transformation of Bathore, Albania
Journal name Housing Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0267-3037
1466-1810
Publication date 2013-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02673037.2013.760031
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 28
Issue 6
Start page 805
End page 821
Total pages 17
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Language eng
Abstract This paper recounts the successful upgrading of Bathore, an informal settlement on government land, located in the outskirts of Tirana, the capital of Albania. Bathore was formed in the early 1990s by poor squatters, mostly from rural northern Albania, a region that became impoverished and lost most services after the fall of communism in 1990. The area that the squatters occupied lacked all infrastructure. However, the squatters built houses that were permanent structures of good quality, often multi-storey. These houses were mostly financed through the remittances of immigrants abroad. In mid-2000s, the Albanian government started taking steps to legalize squatter housing, and, subsequently, to equip the area with infrastructure. Now, Bathore is starting to resemble a middle-class-style suburb, if only in terms of physical appearance. This paper explores the roles of the central and local governments, the international financial institutions, a local NGO, and the local community in this achievement.
Keyword Albania
Informal settlements
Legalization
Migration
Urbanization
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02673037.2013.760031#.VtUgi-bAseE

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 01 Mar 2016, 14:55:14 EST by Dorina Pojani on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management