Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort

Mills, Ryan, Kisely, Steve, Alati, Rosa, Strathearn, Lane and Najman, Jake (2016) Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 74 87-93. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.12.021

Author Mills, Ryan
Kisely, Steve
Alati, Rosa
Strathearn, Lane
Najman, Jake
Title Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort
Journal name Journal of Psychiatric Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1879-1379
Publication date 2016-03-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.12.021
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 74
Start page 87
End page 93
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with many adverse psychiatric outcomes. However, most studies have relied on retrospective self-report of exposure to CSA. We set out to investigate the incidence of CSA in the same birth cohort using both retrospective self-report and prospective government agency notification, and examine the psychological outcomes in young adulthood. The primary outcomes were measures of DSM-IV diagnoses (CIDI-Auto) at age 21. The 21-year retrospective CSA questions were completed by 3739 participants. CSA was self-reported by 19.3% of males and 30.6% of females. After adjustment for potential confounders, both self-reported and agency-notified CSA were associated with increased odds of lifetime major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For the first time in a birth cohort, this study has shown the disparity between the incidence of CSA when measured by self-report and government agency notification. Despite this discrepancy, adverse psychiatric outcomes are seen when CSA is defined using either method.
Keyword Child maltreatment
Sexual abuse
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Mood/anxiety disorders
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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