The effect of contrasting threat mitigation objectives on spatial conservation priorities

Boon, Pei Ya and Beger, Maria (2016) The effect of contrasting threat mitigation objectives on spatial conservation priorities. Marine Policy, 68 23-29. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2016.02.010

Author Boon, Pei Ya
Beger, Maria
Title The effect of contrasting threat mitigation objectives on spatial conservation priorities
Journal name Marine Policy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0308-597X
Publication date 2016-06-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.02.010
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 68
Start page 23
End page 29
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract The primary role of marine protected areas (MPAs) is marine conservation, however policy and practice around MPAs have not reflected this. The focus on cost-effectiveness by spatial conservation prioritization has led to a bias towards placing MPAs in areas that are least threatened. This study investigates how conservation priorities differ between two management strategies of either targeting or avoiding high threat areas for protection, using the case of the Sulu Sulawesi Seas in the Coral Triangle. For both strategies, the target of protecting 20% of habitat could not be achieved solely by protecting low threat areas. A high proportion of the region had large differences in conservation outcomes between the two strategies; majority of these areas were highly prioritized in the threat avoidance strategy but had low or zero importance in the threat selection strategy. Selecting for highly threatened areas required less habitat area to be protected to achieve the same conservation target and resulted in a more equitable distribution of priority sites per country and sub-region. This demonstrates the importance of deciding on the objectives of conservation and management policies up-front. The results suggest that, contrary to the common practice of avoiding threats in spatial planning, a threat selection strategy should be part of the management toolbox, particularly in transboundary planning for regions with high overall threat levels, where it may be important to achieve shared conservation targets equitably.
Keyword Spatial conservation prioritization
Scenario analysis
Coral triangle
Spatial planning
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 01 Mar 2016, 00:14:28 EST by System User on behalf of School of Biological Sciences