High spatial resolution night-time light images for demographic and socio-economic studies

Levin, Noam and Duke, Yishai (2012) High spatial resolution night-time light images for demographic and socio-economic studies. Remote Sensing of Environment, 119 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.12.005

Author Levin, Noam
Duke, Yishai
Title High spatial resolution night-time light images for demographic and socio-economic studies
Journal name Remote Sensing of Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0034-4257
Publication date 2012-04-16
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.rse.2011.12.005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 119
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Abstract Satellite derived night-time lights have been used to study global economic and demographic differences between countries. The majority of studies to date have used the coarse spatial resolution datasets of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). In this study, we hypothesize that night-time lights can serve as an indicator for demographic and socio-economic properties of built-up areas at a local scale. We used night-time light images acquired by the American DMSP (2003, 2.7. km), Argentinean SAC-C (2007, 300. m) and photographs taken by astronauts from the International Space Station (ISS; 2003, 60. m). We compared the night-time lights of built-up areas based on their geographical location (Israel and the West Bank) and their population (Jewish and Arab). Israeli localities were better lit than West Bank localities, corresponding to the difference in the gross domestic product of the two entities. No difference was found in the night-time lights brightness of Jewish and Arab localities within Israel. However, night-time lights of built-up areas with a Jewish population within Israel and the West Bank were positively correlated with population density and roads density. In contrast, built-up areas with an Arab population had weaker correlations. Differences in the urban structure of Jewish and Arab built-up areas, as well as economic and geopolitical differences between Israel and the West Bank led to the observed differences in night-time lights patterns. Demographic and infrastructure data were able to explain 60% of the spatial variation of the ISS night-time lights, compared with only 28% of the spatial variation of the DMSP night-time lights dataset. The results of this study demonstrate potential uses of night-time lights databases of high spatial resolution, and emphasize the need for a dedicated night-time lights observing satellite.
Keyword DMSP
Night-time lights
Urban structure
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 31 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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