The global burden of injury: Incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the global burden of disease study 2013

Haagsma, Juanita A., Graetz, Nicholas, Bolliger, Ian, Naghavi, Mohsen, Higashi, Hideki, Mullany, Erin C., Abera, Semaw Ferede, Abraham, Jerry Puthenpurakal, Adofo, Koranteng, Alsharif, Ubai, Ameh, Emmanuel A., Ammar, Walid, Antonio, Carl Abelardo T., Barrero, Lope H., Bekele, Tolesa, Bose, Dipan, Brazinova, Alexandra, Catala-Lopez, Ferran, Dandona, Lalit, Dandona, Rakhi, Dargan, Paul I., De Leo, Diego, Degenhardt, Louisa, Derrett, Sarah, Dharmaratne, Samath D., Driscoll, Tim R., Duan, Leilei, Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich, Farzadfar, Farshad, Feigin, Valery L., Franklin, Richard C., Gabbe, Belinda, Gosselin, Richard A., Hafezi-Nejad, Nima, Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi, Hijar, Martha, Hu, Guoqing, Jayaraman, Sudha P., Jiang, Guohong, Khader, Yousef Saleh, Khan, Ejaz Ahmad, Krishnaswami, Sanjay, Kulkarni, Chanda, Lecky, Fiona E., Leung, Ricky, Lunevicius, Raimundas, Lyons, Ronan Anthony, Majdan, Marek, Mason-Jones, Amanda J., Matzopoulos, Richard, Meaney, Peter A., Mekonnen, Wubegzier, Miller, Ted R., Mock, Charles N., Norman, Rosana E., Orozco, Ricardo, Polinder, Suzanne, Pourmalek, Farshad, Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa, Refaat, Amany, Rojas-Rueda, David, Roy, Nobhojit, Schwebel, David C., Shaheen, Amira, Shahraz, Saeid, Skirbekk, Vegard, Soreide, Kjetil, Soshnikov, Sergey, Stein, Dan J., Sykes, Bryan L., Tabb, Karen M., Temesgen, Awoke Misganaw, Tenkorang, Eric Yeboah, Theadom, Alice M., Bach Xuan Tran, Vasankari, Tommi J., Vavilala, Monica S., Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich, Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret, Yip, Paul, Yonemoto, Naohiro, Younis, Mustafa Z., Yu, Chuanhua, Murray, Christopher J. L. and Vos, Theo (2016) The global burden of injury: Incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the global burden of disease study 2013. Injury Prevention, 22 1: 3-18. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041616


Author Haagsma, Juanita A.
Graetz, Nicholas
Bolliger, Ian
Naghavi, Mohsen
Higashi, Hideki
Mullany, Erin C.
Abera, Semaw Ferede
Abraham, Jerry Puthenpurakal
Adofo, Koranteng
Alsharif, Ubai
Ameh, Emmanuel A.
Ammar, Walid
Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.
Barrero, Lope H.
Bekele, Tolesa
Bose, Dipan
Brazinova, Alexandra
Catala-Lopez, Ferran
Dandona, Lalit
Dandona, Rakhi
Dargan, Paul I.
De Leo, Diego
Degenhardt, Louisa
Derrett, Sarah
Dharmaratne, Samath D.
Driscoll, Tim R.
Duan, Leilei
Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich
Farzadfar, Farshad
Feigin, Valery L.
Franklin, Richard C.
Gabbe, Belinda
Gosselin, Richard A.
Hafezi-Nejad, Nima
Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi
Hijar, Martha
Hu, Guoqing
Jayaraman, Sudha P.
Jiang, Guohong
Khader, Yousef Saleh
Khan, Ejaz Ahmad
Krishnaswami, Sanjay
Kulkarni, Chanda
Lecky, Fiona E.
Leung, Ricky
Lunevicius, Raimundas
Lyons, Ronan Anthony
Majdan, Marek
Mason-Jones, Amanda J.
Matzopoulos, Richard
Meaney, Peter A.
Mekonnen, Wubegzier
Miller, Ted R.
Mock, Charles N.
Norman, Rosana E.
Orozco, Ricardo
Polinder, Suzanne
Pourmalek, Farshad
Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa
Refaat, Amany
Rojas-Rueda, David
Roy, Nobhojit
Schwebel, David C.
Shaheen, Amira
Shahraz, Saeid
Skirbekk, Vegard
Soreide, Kjetil
Soshnikov, Sergey
Stein, Dan J.
Sykes, Bryan L.
Tabb, Karen M.
Temesgen, Awoke Misganaw
Tenkorang, Eric Yeboah
Theadom, Alice M.
Bach Xuan Tran
Vasankari, Tommi J.
Vavilala, Monica S.
Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich
Woldeyohannes, Solomon Meseret
Yip, Paul
Yonemoto, Naohiro
Younis, Mustafa Z.
Yu, Chuanhua
Murray, Christopher J. L.
Vos, Theo
Title The global burden of injury: Incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the global burden of disease study 2013
Journal name Injury Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1475-5785
1353-8047
Publication date 2016-02
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041616
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 22
Issue 1
Start page 3
End page 18
Total pages 16
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background The Global Burden of Diseases (GBD), Injuries, and Risk Factors study used the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) to quantify the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. This paper provides an overview of injury estimates from the 2013 update of GBD, with detailed information on incidence, mortality, DALYs and rates of change from 1990 to 2013 for 26 causes of injury, globally, by region and by country.

Methods Injury mortality was estimated using the extensive GBD mortality database, corrections for ill-defined cause of death and the cause of death ensemble modelling tool. Morbidity estimation was based on inpatient and outpatient data sets, 26 cause-of-injury and 47 nature-of-injury categories, and seven follow-up studies with patient-reported long-term outcome measures.

Results In 2013, 973 million (uncertainty interval (UI) 942 to 993) people sustained injuries that warranted some type of healthcare and 4.8 million (UI 4.5 to 5.1) people died from injuries. Between 1990 and 2013 the global age-standardised injury DALY rate decreased by 31% (UI 26% to 35%). The rate of decline in DALY rates was significant for 22 cause-of-injury categories, including all the major injuries.

Conclusions Injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed and developing world. The decline in rates for almost all injuries is so prominent that it warrants a general statement that the world is becoming a safer place to live in. However, the patterns vary widely by cause, age, sex, region and time and there are still large improvements that need to be made.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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