Profiling drunk driving recidivists in Denmark

Moller, Mette, Haustein, Sonja and Prato, Carlo Giacomo (2015) Profiling drunk driving recidivists in Denmark. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 83 125-131. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2015.07.015


Author Moller, Mette
Haustein, Sonja
Prato, Carlo Giacomo
Title Profiling drunk driving recidivists in Denmark
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2015-10-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2015.07.015
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 83
Start page 125
End page 131
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Drunk drivers are a menace to themselves and to other road users, as drunk driving significantly increases the risk of involvement in road accidents and the probability of severe or fatal injuries. Although injuries and fatalities related to road accidents have decreased in recent decades, the prevalence of drunk driving among drivers killed in road accidents has remained stable, at around 25% or more during the past 10 years. Understanding drunk driving, and in particular, recidivism, is essential for designing effective countermeasures, and accordingly, the present study aims at identifying the differences between non-drunk drivers, drunk driving non-recidivists and drunk driving recidivists with respect to their demographic and socio-economic characteristics, road accident involvement and other traffic and non-traffic-related law violations. This study is based on register-data from Statistics Denmark and includes information from 2008 to 2012 for the entire population, aged 18 or older, of Denmark. The results from univariate and multivariate statistical analyses reveal a five year prevalence of 17% for drunk driving recidivism, and a significant relation between recidivism and the drunk drivers’ gender, age, income, education, receipt of an early retirement pension, household type, and residential area. Moreover, recidivists are found to have a higher involvement in alcohol-related road accidents, as well as other traffic and, in particular, non-traffic-related offences. These findings indicate that drunk driving recidivism is more likely to occur among persons who are in situations of socio-economic disadvantage and marginalisation. Thus, to increase their effectiveness, preventive measures aiming to reduce drunk driving should also address issues related to the general life situations of the drunk driving recidivists that contribute to an increased risk of drunk driving recidivism.
Keyword Road traffic accidents
Recidivism
Drunk driving
Traffic violations
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Non HERDC
 
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Created: Thu, 18 Feb 2016, 21:37:59 EST by Jeannette Watson on behalf of School of Civil Engineering