The effects of short-lasting anti-saccade training in Homonymous Hemianopia with and without saccadic adaptation

Levy-Bencheton, Delphine, Pelisson, Denis, Prost, Myriam, Jacquin-Courtois, Sophie, Salemme, Romeo, Pisella, Laure and Tilikete, Caroline (2016) The effects of short-lasting anti-saccade training in Homonymous Hemianopia with and without saccadic adaptation. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9 332.1-332.14. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00332

Author Levy-Bencheton, Delphine
Pelisson, Denis
Prost, Myriam
Jacquin-Courtois, Sophie
Salemme, Romeo
Pisella, Laure
Tilikete, Caroline
Title The effects of short-lasting anti-saccade training in Homonymous Hemianopia with and without saccadic adaptation
Journal name Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1662-5153
Publication date 2016-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3389/fnbeh.2015.00332
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Start page 332.1
End page 332.14
Total pages 14
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Homonymous Visual Field Defects (HVFD) are common following stroke and can be highly debilitating for visual perception and higher level cognitive functions such as exploring visual scene or reading a text. Rehabilitation using oculomotor compensatory methods with automatic training over a short duration (~15 days) have been shown as efficient as longer voluntary training methods (>1 month). Here, we propose to evaluate and compare the effect of an original HVFD rehabilitation method based on a single 15 min voluntary anti-saccades task (AS) toward the blind hemifield, with automatic sensorimotor adaptation to increase AS amplitude. In order to distinguish between adaptation and training effect, 14 left- or right-HVFD patients were exposed, 1 month apart, to three trainings, two isolated AS task (Delayed-shift and No-shift paradigm), and one combined with AS adaptation (Adaptation paradigm). A quality of life questionnaire (NEI-VFQ 25) and functional measurements (reading speed, visual exploration time in pop-out and serial tasks) as well as oculomotor measurements were assessed before and after each training. We could not demonstrate significant adaptation at the group level, but we identified a group of nine adapted patients. While AS training itself proved to demonstrate significant functional improvements in the overall patient group, we could also demonstrate in the sub-group of adapted patients and specifically following the adaptation training, an increase of saccade amplitude during the reading task (left-HVFD patients) and the Serial exploration task, and improvement of the visual quality of life. We conclude that short-lasting AS training combined with adaptation could be implemented in rehabilitation methods of cognitive dysfunctions following HVFD. Indeed, both voluntary and automatic processes have shown interesting effects on the control of visually guided saccades in different cognitive tasks.
Keyword Compensatory training
Lateral homonymous hemianopia
Saccadic adaptation
Visual exploration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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