Alcohol-related driving in China: countermeasure implications of research conducted in two cities

Jia, Keqin, Fleiter, Judy, King, Mark, Sheehan, Mary, Ma, Wenjun, Lei, Jing and Zhang, Jianzhen (2016) Alcohol-related driving in China: countermeasure implications of research conducted in two cities. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 95 343-349. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2016.01.005

Author Jia, Keqin
Fleiter, Judy
King, Mark
Sheehan, Mary
Ma, Wenjun
Lei, Jing
Zhang, Jianzhen
Title Alcohol-related driving in China: countermeasure implications of research conducted in two cities
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2016-02-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2016.01.005
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 95
Start page 343
End page 349
Total pages 7
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: Drunk driving (blood alcohol concentration (BAC) 80 mg/100 ml) was upgraded to become a criminal offence under China's Criminal Law in May 2011. While this had a major road safety benefit, there was still a high level of alcohol related crashes and fatalities. This paper develops recommendations based on a programme of research undertaken in 2012 that examined the perceptions of general motor vehicle drivers, convicted drunk driving offenders and traffic police about drinking and driving and law enforcement in the cities of Guangzhou and Yinchuan. Alcohol misuse problems were also explored using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). This paper integrates the findings to examine existing problems in alcohol management, law enforcement, education and rehabilitation and provides recommendations for addressing alcohol-related driving in China.
Methods: A multi-study cross-sectional research programme was conducted in two Chinese cities involving general drivers, drunk driving offenders and traffic police. In total, 16 traffic police officers were interviewed and 105 traffic police officers were surveyed. In addition, 207 drunk driving offenders in detention facilities and 802 general motor vehicle drivers were surveyed.
Results: Traffic police resources including human resources and facilities such as breathalysers were reported as insufficient in both cities. There were problems reported in the process of law enforcement, and shortcomings in police knowledge of factors involved in drink/drunk driving and in the practice of conducting breath alcohol testing (BAT). Knowledge about legal BAC levels and how to keep under the legal limit was very low among general motor vehicle drivers and drunk driving offenders. Proportions with alcohol misuse problems in the two driver groups were high, especially among offenders.
Conclusions: Recommendations to manage alcohol-related driving are proposed for the three groups of traffic police, general motor vehicle drivers and drunk driving offenders. In particular, traffic police resources need to be improved and further education provided to police on the general deterrence potential of BAT. There should be enhanced community education and publicity to improve knowledge of drink driving regulations and how to avoid breaking the law. Alcohol misuse problems should be addressed, particularly for drunk driving offenders.
Keyword AUDIT
Drink driving
Drunk driving
Traffic law enforcement
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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