Reappraisal but not suppression downregulates the experience of positive and negative emotion

Kalokerinos, Elise K., Greenaway, Katharine H. and Denson, Thomas F. (2015) Reappraisal but not suppression downregulates the experience of positive and negative emotion. Emotion, 15 3: 271-275. doi:10.1037/emo0000025


Author Kalokerinos, Elise K.
Greenaway, Katharine H.
Denson, Thomas F.
Title Reappraisal but not suppression downregulates the experience of positive and negative emotion
Journal name Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1931-1516
1528-3542
Publication date 2015-06-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/emo0000025
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 15
Issue 3
Start page 271
End page 275
Total pages 5
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract The emotion regulation literature is growing exponentially, but there is limited understanding of the comparative strengths of emotion regulation strategies in downregulating positive emotional experiences. The present research made the first systematic investigation examining the consequences of using expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal strategies to downregulate positive and negative emotion within a single design. Two experiments with over 1,300 participants demonstrated that reappraisal successfully reduced the experience of negative and positive affect compared with suppression and control conditions. Suppression did not reduce the experience of either positive or negative emotion relative to the control condition. This finding provides evidence against the assumption that expressive suppression reduces the experience of positive emotion. This work speaks to an emerging literature on the benefits of downregulating positive emotion, showing that suppression is an appropriate strategy when one wishes to reduce positive emotion displays while maintaining the benefits of positive emotional experience.
Keyword Sadness
Amusement
Emotion regulation
Expressive suppression
Cognitive reappraisal
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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