COMADRE: a global data base of animal demography

Salguero-Gomez, Roberto, Jones, Owen R., Archer, C. Ruth, Bein, Christoph, de Buhr, Hendrik, Farack, Claudia, Gottschalk, Fränce, Hartmann, Alexander, Henning, Anne, Hoppe, Gabriel, Romer, Gesa, Ruoff, Tara, Sommer, Veronika, Wille, Julia, Voigt, Jakob, Zeh, Stefan, Vieregg, Dirk, Buckley, Yvonne M., Che-Castaldo, Judy, Hodgson, David, Scheuerlein, Alexander, Caswell, Hal and Vaupel, James W. (2016) COMADRE: a global data base of animal demography. Journal of Animal Ecology, 85 2: 371-384. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12482


Author Salguero-Gomez, Roberto
Jones, Owen R.
Archer, C. Ruth
Bein, Christoph
de Buhr, Hendrik
Farack, Claudia
Gottschalk, Fränce
Hartmann, Alexander
Henning, Anne
Hoppe, Gabriel
Romer, Gesa
Ruoff, Tara
Sommer, Veronika
Wille, Julia
Voigt, Jakob
Zeh, Stefan
Vieregg, Dirk
Buckley, Yvonne M.
Che-Castaldo, Judy
Hodgson, David
Scheuerlein, Alexander
Caswell, Hal
Vaupel, James W.
Title COMADRE: a global data base of animal demography
Journal name Journal of Animal Ecology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2656
0021-8790
Publication date 2016-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1365-2656.12482
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 85
Issue 2
Start page 371
End page 384
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
1. The open-data scientific philosophy is being widely adopted and proving to promote considerable progress in ecology and evolution. Open-data global data bases now exist on animal migration, species distribution, conservation status, etc. However, a gap exists for data on population dynamics spanning the rich diversity of the animal kingdom world-wide. This information is fundamental to our understanding of the conditions that have shaped variation in animal life histories and their relationships with the environment, as well as the determinants of invasion and extinction.
2. Matrix population models (MPMs) are among the most widely used demographic tools by animal ecologists. MPMs project population dynamics based on the reproduction, survival and development of individuals in a population over their life cycle. The outputs from MPMs have direct biological interpretations, facilitating comparisons among animal species as different as Caenorhabditis elegans, Loxodonta africana and Homo sapiens.
3. Thousands of animal demographic records exist in the form of MPMs, but they are dispersed throughout the literature, rendering comparative analyses difficult. Here, we introduce the COMADRE Animal Matrix Database, an open-data online repository, which in its version 1.0.0 contains data on 345 species world-wide, from 402 studies with a total of 1625 population projection matrices. COMADRE also contains ancillary information (e.g. ecoregion, taxonomy, biogeography, etc.) that facilitates interpretation of the numerous demographic metrics that can be derived from its MPMs. We provide R code to some of these examples.
4. Synthesis: We introduce the COMADRE Animal Matrix Database, a resource for animal demography. Its open-data nature, together with its ancillary information, will facilitate comparative analysis, as will the growing availability of databases focusing on other aspects of the rich animal diversity, and tools to query and combine them. Through future frequent updates of COMADRE, and its integration with other online resources, we encourage animal ecologists to tackle global ecological and evolutionary questions with unprecedented sample size.
Keyword Animal population ecology
Comparative approach
Matrix population model
Open-data
Population growth rate (λ)
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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