Psychological masculinity-femininity via the gender diagnosticity approach: heritability and consistency across ages and populations

Loehlin, John C., Jonsson, Erik G., Gustavsson, J. Petter, Stallings, Michael C., Gillespie, Nathan A., Wright, Margaret J. and Martin, Nicholas G. (2005) Psychological masculinity-femininity via the gender diagnosticity approach: heritability and consistency across ages and populations. Journal of Personality, 73 5: 1295-1320. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00350.x


Author Loehlin, John C.
Jonsson, Erik G.
Gustavsson, J. Petter
Stallings, Michael C.
Gillespie, Nathan A.
Wright, Margaret J.
Martin, Nicholas G.
Title Psychological masculinity-femininity via the gender diagnosticity approach: heritability and consistency across ages and populations
Journal name Journal of Personality   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3506
1467-6494
Publication date 2005-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00350.x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 73
Issue 5
Start page 1295
End page 1320
Total pages 26
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Several aspects of the Gender Diagnosticity (GD) approach of Lippa (1995) to measuring the psychological trait of masculinity-femininity within sexes were explored in four samples ranging from 363 to 5,859 individuals, including Swedish and Australian adults, U.S. elderly, and Australian adolescents. Two ways of deriving GD scales yielded highly similar results. Moderate stability of individual differences was found across ages 12 to 16 among adolescents, but substantial shifts over age occurred in relationships with Eysenck scales. Considerable generality of GD scales was obtained across languages and populations. Substantial heritabilities (about 40%) and minimal effects of shared family environments suggest that within-sex masculinity-femininity behaves as a fairly typical personality trait. Cross-age continuity appeared mainly to reflect the influence of the genes.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
 
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