Establishing the reliability of word association data for investigating individual and group differences

Fitzpatrick, Tess, Playfoot, David, Wray, Alison and Wright, Margaret J. (2015) Establishing the reliability of word association data for investigating individual and group differences. Applied Linguistics, 36 1: 23-50. doi:10.1093/applin/amt020


Author Fitzpatrick, Tess
Playfoot, David
Wray, Alison
Wright, Margaret J.
Title Establishing the reliability of word association data for investigating individual and group differences
Journal name Applied Linguistics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1477-450X
0142-6001
Publication date 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/applin/amt020
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 36
Issue 1
Start page 23
End page 50
Total pages 28
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This article argues that, across different psychological contexts, the methods of data collection, treatment, and analysis in word association tests have hitherto been inconsistent. We demonstrate that this inconsistency has resulted from inadequate control, in previous studies, of certain important variables including the basis of norm comparisons, and we present a principled method for collecting, scoring, and analysing association responses, to address these issues. The method is evaluated using test and retest data sets from 16-year-old and over-65-year-old twins (n = 636), which enable us to (a) compare samples matched for key environmental variables, (b) assess the transferability of norming information between age cohorts, and (c) evaluate the reliability of the scoring protocols. We find systematic differences in the association behaviour of the two age cohorts, indicating the importance of evaluating data only against norms lists that are matched to the target population. Individual association behaviour is found to be consistent across test times, both in terms of response stereotypy and response type.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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