Internal migration age patterns and the transition to adulthood: Australia and Great Britain compared

Bernard, Aude, Bell, Martin and Charles-Edwards, Elin (2016) Internal migration age patterns and the transition to adulthood: Australia and Great Britain compared. Journal of Population Research, 33 2: 123-146. doi:10.1007/s12546-016-9157-0

Author Bernard, Aude
Bell, Martin
Charles-Edwards, Elin
Title Internal migration age patterns and the transition to adulthood: Australia and Great Britain compared
Journal name Journal of Population Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1443-2447
Publication date 2016-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12546-016-9157-0
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 33
Issue 2
Start page 123
End page 146
Total pages 24
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Life-course transitions are important drivers of mobility, resulting in a concentration of migration at young adult ages. While there is increasing evidence of cross-national variations in the ages at which young adults move, the relative importance of various key life-course transitions in shaping these differences remains poorly understood. Prior studies typically focus on a single country and examine the influence of a single transition on migration, independently from other life-course events. To better understand the determinants of cross-national variations in migration ages, this paper analyses for Australia and Great Britain the joint influence of five key life-course transitions on migration: (1) higher education entry, (2) labour force entry, (3) partnering, (4) marriage and (5) family formation. We first characterise the age profile of short- and long-distance migration and the age profile of life-course transitions. We then use event-history analysis to establish the relative importance of each life-course transitions on migration. Our results show that the age structure and the relative importance of life-course transitions vary across countries, shaping differences in migration age patterns. In Great Britain, the strong association of migration with multiple transitions explains the concentration of migration at young adult ages, which is further amplified by the age-concentration and alignment of multiple transitions at similar ages. By contrast in Australia a weaker influence of life-course transitions on migration, combined with a dispersion of entry into higher education across a wide age range, contribute to a protracted migration age profile. Comparison by distance moved reveals further differences in the mix of transitions driving migration in each country, confirming the impact of the life-course in shaping migration age patterns.
Keyword Internal migration
Life course
Migration age profile
Cross-national comparison
Event history analysis
Great Britain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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Created: Thu, 04 Feb 2016, 18:56:25 EST by Professor Martin Bell on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management