A systematic review of the impact of parental socio-economic status and home environment characteristics on children's oral health related quality of life

Kumar, Santhosh, Kroon, Jeroen and Lalloo, Ratilal (2014) A systematic review of the impact of parental socio-economic status and home environment characteristics on children's oral health related quality of life. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12 . doi:10.1186/1477-7525-12-41


Author Kumar, Santhosh
Kroon, Jeroen
Lalloo, Ratilal
Title A systematic review of the impact of parental socio-economic status and home environment characteristics on children's oral health related quality of life
Journal name Health and Quality of Life Outcomes   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1477-7525
Publication date 2014-03-21
Year available 2014
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1186/1477-7525-12-41
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Total pages 15
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Abstract Childhood circumstances such as socio-economic status and family structure have been found to influence psychological, psychosocial attributes and Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the published literature to assess the influence of parental Socio-Economic Status (SES) and home environment on children's OHRQoL. A systematic search was conducted in August 2013 using PubMed, Medline via OVID, CINAHL Plus via EBSCO, and Cochrane databases. Studies that have analysed the effect of parental characteristics (SES, family environment, family structure, number of siblings, household crowding, parents' age, and parents' oral health literacy) on children's OHRQoL were included. Quality assessment of the articles was done by the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative studies. Database search retrieved a total of 2,849 titles after removing the duplicates, 36 articles were found to be relevant. Most of the studies were conducted on Brazilian children and were published in recent two years. Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale and Children's Perception Questionnaire11-14 were the instruments of choice in preschool and school aged children respectively. Findings from majority of the studies suggest that the children from families with high income, parental education and family economy had better OHRQoL. Mothers' age, family structure, household crowding and presence of siblings were significant predictors of children's OHRQoL. However, definitive conclusions from the studies reviewed are not possible due to the differences in the study population, parental characteristics considered, methods used and statistical tests performed.
Keyword Children
Home environment
Oral health related quality of life
Socio-economic status
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Dentistry Publications
 
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