Insecure hope: the challenges faced by urban slum dwellers in Bhola Slum, Bangladesh

McNamara, Karen E., Olson, Laura L. and Rahman, Md. Ashiqu (2016) Insecure hope: the challenges faced by urban slum dwellers in Bhola Slum, Bangladesh. Migration and Development, 5 1: 1-15. doi:10.1080/21632324.2015.1082231


Author McNamara, Karen E.
Olson, Laura L.
Rahman, Md. Ashiqu
Title Insecure hope: the challenges faced by urban slum dwellers in Bhola Slum, Bangladesh
Journal name Migration and Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2163-2324
2163-2332
Publication date 2016
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/21632324.2015.1082231
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 5
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Bhola Slum, located in Bangladesh’s capital of Dhaka, originated as a consequence of out-migration from Bhola Island in 1970 following the devastating Bhola Cyclone. Since this original wave of migration, the Liberation War, numerous natural hazard events, climate change impacts, and limited economic opportunities have led new waves of migrants to leave Bhola Island for this urban enclave. Out-migrations from Bhola Island today are driven by a desire to leave behind hardship and risk, diversify livelihood options, and avoid the increasing frequency and intensity of environmental stressors such as riverbank erosion. This article discusses some of the challenges posed by rural–urban migration in Bangladesh, drawing on a case study undertaken with residents of Bhola Slum in Dhaka city. This case study shows how one set of risks are often replaced by another as rural migrants arrive in precarious urban settings that lack the resources and services necessary to meet basic human needs. Thus, migrants become enmeshed in a vicious cycle of vulnerability, leaving a situation that is untenable only to encounter new uncertainties and threats to their livelihoods, assets and economic stability. Given this situation, questions emerge around how to manage complex challenges and risks to ensure that livelihoods can be sustained and protected in these new environments in the short and long-term.
Keyword Bangladesh
Disaster
Livelihoods
Risk
Rural–urban migration
Vulnerability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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Created: Thu, 04 Feb 2016, 08:56:52 EST by Karen Mcnamara on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management