Training the removal of negative information from working memory: a preliminary investigation of a working memory bias modification task

Robinaugh, Donald J., Crane, Margaret E., Enock, Philip M. and McNally, Richard J. (2016) Training the removal of negative information from working memory: a preliminary investigation of a working memory bias modification task. Cognition and Emotion, 30 3: 570-581. doi:10.1080/02699931.2015.1014312


Author Robinaugh, Donald J.
Crane, Margaret E.
Enock, Philip M.
McNally, Richard J.
Title Training the removal of negative information from working memory: a preliminary investigation of a working memory bias modification task
Journal name Cognition and Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-9931
1464-0600
Publication date 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2015.1014312
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 30
Issue 3
Start page 570
End page 581
Total pages 12
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Rumination in depressed adults is associated with a bias toward retaining negative information in working memory. We developed a task designed to modify this cognitive bias by having subjects repeatedly practice removing negative words from working memory, thereby enabling them to retain positive and neutral words. To assess the efficacy of this task, we recruited 60 adults who reported elevated repetitive negative thought (RNT) and randomly assigned them to receive a single administration of either the working memory bias modification (WMBM) task or a control task. Subjects in the WMBM condition exhibited greater reduction in proactive interference for negative information than did those in the control condition. These results suggest that the WMBM task reduces biased retention of negative information in working memory and, thus, may be useful in investigating the possible causal role of this cognitive bias in RNT or depression.
Keyword Cognitive bias modification
Working memory
Rumination
Proactive interference
Repetitive negative thought
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 27 Jan 2016, 15:30:31 EST by Margaret Crane on behalf of School of Psychology