The Native Mounted Police Force was essentially a frontier force. The term *Police Force* is in fact misleading, for it gives the impression that the aims and duties of the Native Police were similar to those of the General Police. They were in reality two quite distinct bodies, and the origins, composition and modus operandi of the Native Police clearly differentiated it from the General Police.
The Native Police had been introduced into the Northern Districts of New South Wales, which became the colony of Queensland in 1859, owing to the high incidence of aboriginal attacks, both on life and property of frontier squatters. Their main duty was to protect the economic frontier, and thus enable squatters to move forward without meeting fierce, and economically debilitating resistance from the Aborigines. The Queensland Native Mounted Police Force was the result of a system successfully applied in the Port Phillip District. It was a product of the belief in European racial superiority over indigenous * backward* races, and necessitated by British economic imperialism of the nineteenth century.
It is necessary to outline the reasons for, and nature of, european-aboriginal conflict, as it was to this that the Native Police Force owed its existence. Many of the frontiersmen were men from England who had brought with them their ready-made civilization, and who were determined to make their fortunes in the colonies. The most profitable way to achieve this was to become a squatter, and to move out on the fringes of settlement in order to take up large areas of land unnoccupied by others, except the Aborigines. Thus, squatters as a whole, believed that they alone had legitimate claim to land hitherto occupied by the Aborigines as they could see no visible signs that the Aborigine had developed the land in any way. When the emphasis placed on progress by colonials, and their failure to appreciate the value of land to the Aborigines, are considered, the conflict which developed between the two groups and which characterized frontier expansion seems unavoidable. ...........................