Although six new chapters have been added to update this book, the objectives of the third edition remain the same as that of the first two editions - to provide the reader an overview and a general understanding of (a) the historical perspectives and current activities of K-12 developmental school counselors, (b) their role and function, (c) techniques and strategies utilized by effective developmental school counselors, (d) the organization and management of developmental counseling programs, (e) current issues and trends in the field, and (f) additional topics of interest to school counselors and school counselors-to-be.
Additionally, we examine the numerous issues that have produced major changes in American life in general, and schools specifically, since the last edition was published. Consider the impact of the following on the school counseling field:
► The development of the National Model: A Framework for School Counseling Programs
► The influence of the Education Trust's Transforming School Counseling
► Legislation such as No Child Left Behind (2001 ) and Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (2004)
► The impact of mandated high stakes testing
► The academic achievement gap and providing access and opportunities to all students
► An increased emphasis on accountability and the use of data in program planning
► Revised ethical standards
► An increased emphasis on partnerships and outreach between universities and schools
► The changing role and influence of technology
► An evolving vision of the role of school counselors to include leadership, advocacy and systemic change efforts
► An increased threat of terrorism since September 11, 2001
► Castastrophic events such as the hurricanes that have devastated the southeast
This book is intended as a basic graduate level text for counselor education students training to become school counselors. Additionally, practicing school counselors will find the book helpful since it aims at the implementation and the management of the major concepts and practices of contemporary, comprehensive K-12 developmental school counselors.
Interest in the developmental approach to school counseling has stood the test of time and is perceived as being an essential part of a total school program. Thus, this book will also be useful in acquainting administrators, curriculum directors, teachers, and others with the scope of developmental, comprehensive counseling. Guidance supervisors who are interested in new approaches and strategies for implementing and managing a K-12 developmental school counseling program will also find the book helpful.
The book is divided into seven (7) sections. In the first section, we begin with a brief history of school counseling followed by the reconceptionalization of the school counseling movement. The training and the competencies needed by the developmental K-12 school counselor are also presented, including a description of the CACREP standards of training as related to school counselor preparation. In addition, guidelines for beginning the implementation of a comprehensive, developmental guidance program are given along with a model for changing an existing program into a comprehensive, developmental one, using the American School Counselor Association's National Model: A Framework for School Counseling Programs. Section I includes the examination of the role and function of a K-12 developmental school counselor as viewed by various school systems, state departments of education, practicing counselors, and experts in the counseling field.
Section II, written by school counseling practitioners and/or counselor educators, is concerned with managing a developmental counseling program. More specifically, the roles and the functions of the contemporary elementary, middle, and high school counselor are presented.
Section III is a continuation of the role of the developmental school counselor as it concerns individual and small group counseling, and large group guidance. ............................