Janda PKI: stigma and sexual violence against communist widows following the 1965-1966 massacres in Indonesia

Pohlman, Annie (2016) Janda PKI: stigma and sexual violence against communist widows following the 1965-1966 massacres in Indonesia. Indonesia and the Malay World, 44 128: 68-83. doi:10.1080/13639811.2015.1100873


Author Pohlman, Annie
Title Janda PKI: stigma and sexual violence against communist widows following the 1965-1966 massacres in Indonesia
Formatted title
Janda PKI: stigma and sexual violence against communist widows following the 1965-1966 massacres in Indonesia
Journal name Indonesia and the Malay World   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1363-9811
1469-8382
Publication date 2016
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/13639811.2015.1100873
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 44
Issue 128
Start page 68
End page 83
Total pages 16
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This article explores the relationship between the derogatory social constructions and the sexual violence against janda in Indonesia with regard to the experiences of women who were widowed during the 1965 massacres. At that time an estimated 500,000 people were killed for their alleged ties to the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). Specifically, it examines how discourses which stigmatise janda as sexually available and/or promiscuous were compounded by the demonisation of women connected with the PKI as dangerous and sexually voracious. By examining the testimonies of women widowed by the death, disappearance or imprisonment of their husbands during the massacres, I argue that janda PKI were subject to two forms of stigmatisation, based on their status as janda and on their connection with the PKI. This was manifest in the sexually predatory behaviours from men in their communities, particularly from the local security forces and militia groups who had taken part in the massacres. By emphasising the political aspects of gender politics which congregate around the extremely derogatory constructions of janda PKI, I articulate how the gendered and sexualised bodies of janda were also politicised and, as a result of the Indonesian military's anti-communist propaganda, made abject in their sexualisation.
Keyword Indonesia
Propaganda
Sexual violence
Stigma
Widows
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 3 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 19 Jan 2016, 16:47:58 EST by Dr Annie Pohlman on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures