Misuse of "power" and other mechanical terms in sport and exercise science research

Winter, Edward M, Abt, Grant, Brookes, F.B. Carl, Challis, John H, Fowler, Neil E., Knudson, Duane V., Knuttgen, Howard G., Kraemer, William J., Lane, Andrew M., Mechelen, Willem van, Morton, R. Hugh, Newton, Robert U., Williams, Clyde and Yeadon, M. R. (2016) Misuse of "power" and other mechanical terms in sport and exercise science research. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 1: 292-300. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001101


Author Winter, Edward M
Abt, Grant
Brookes, F.B. Carl
Challis, John H
Fowler, Neil E.
Knudson, Duane V.
Knuttgen, Howard G.
Kraemer, William J.
Lane, Andrew M.
Mechelen, Willem van
Morton, R. Hugh
Newton, Robert U.
Williams, Clyde
Yeadon, M. R.
Title Misuse of "power" and other mechanical terms in sport and exercise science research
Journal name Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1064-8011
1533-4287
Publication date 2016-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001101
Volume 30
Issue 1
Start page 292
End page 300
Total pages 9
Place of publication Philadelphia, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Winter, EM, Abt, G, Brookes, FBC, Challis, JH, Fowler, NE, Knudson, DV, Knuttgen, HG, Kraemer, WJ, Lane, AM, Mechelen, Wv, Morton, RH, Newton, RU, Williams, C, and Yeadon, MR. Misuse of “Power” and other mechanical terms in sport and exercise science research. J Strength Cond Res 30(1): 292–300, 2016—Despite the Système International d'Unitès (SI) that was published in 1960, there continues to be widespread misuse of the terms and nomenclature of mechanics in descriptions of exercise performance. Misuse applies principally to failure to distinguish between mass and weight, velocity and speed, and especially the terms “work” and “power.” These terms are incorrectly applied across the spectrum from high-intensity short-duration to long-duration endurance exercise. This review identifies these misapplications and proposes solutions. Solutions include adoption of the term “intensity” in descriptions and categorizations of challenge imposed on an individual as they perform exercise, followed by correct use of SI terms and units appropriate to the specific kind of exercise performed. Such adoption must occur by authors and reviewers of sport and exercise research reports to satisfy the principles and practices of science and for the field to advance.
Keyword Mechanics constructs
Nomenclature
SI
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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