Non-bee insects are important contributors to global crop pollination

Rader, Romina, Bartomeus, Ignasi, Garibaldi, Lucas A., Garratt, Michael P. D., Howlett, Brad G., Winfree, Rachael, Cunningham, Saul A., Mayfield, Margaret M., Arthur, Anthony D., Andersson, Georg K. S., Bommarco, Riccardo, Brittain, Claire, Carvalheiro, Luísa G., Chacoff, Natacha P., Entling, Martin H., Foully, Benjamin, Freitas, Breno M., Gemmill-Herren, Barbara, Ghazoul, Jaboury, Griffin, Sean R., Gross, Caroline L., Herbertsson, Lina, Herzog, Felix, Hipolito, Juliana, Jaggar, Sue, Jauker, Frank, Klein, Alexandra-Maria, Kleijn, David, Krishnan, Smitha, Lemos, Camila Q., Lindstrom, Sandra A. M., Mandelik, Yael, Monteiro, Victor M., Nelson, Warrick, Nilsson, Lovisa, Pattemore, David E., Pereira, Natália, Pisanty, Gideon, Potts, Simon G., Reemer, Menno, Rundlof, Maj, Sheffield, Cory S., Scheper, Jeroen, Schuepp, Christof, Smith, Henrik G., Stanley, Dara A., Stout, Jane C., Szentgyorgyi, Hajnalka, Taki, Hisatomo, Vergara, Carlos H., Viana, Blandina F. and Woyciechowski, Michal (2016) Non-bee insects are important contributors to global crop pollination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113 1: 146-151. doi:10.1073/pnas.1517092112

Author Rader, Romina
Bartomeus, Ignasi
Garibaldi, Lucas A.
Garratt, Michael P. D.
Howlett, Brad G.
Winfree, Rachael
Cunningham, Saul A.
Mayfield, Margaret M.
Arthur, Anthony D.
Andersson, Georg K. S.
Bommarco, Riccardo
Brittain, Claire
Carvalheiro, Luísa G.
Chacoff, Natacha P.
Entling, Martin H.
Foully, Benjamin
Freitas, Breno M.
Gemmill-Herren, Barbara
Ghazoul, Jaboury
Griffin, Sean R.
Gross, Caroline L.
Herbertsson, Lina
Herzog, Felix
Hipolito, Juliana
Jaggar, Sue
Jauker, Frank
Klein, Alexandra-Maria
Kleijn, David
Krishnan, Smitha
Lemos, Camila Q.
Lindstrom, Sandra A. M.
Mandelik, Yael
Monteiro, Victor M.
Nelson, Warrick
Nilsson, Lovisa
Pattemore, David E.
Pereira, Natália
Pisanty, Gideon
Potts, Simon G.
Reemer, Menno
Rundlof, Maj
Sheffield, Cory S.
Scheper, Jeroen
Schuepp, Christof
Smith, Henrik G.
Stanley, Dara A.
Stout, Jane C.
Szentgyorgyi, Hajnalka
Taki, Hisatomo
Vergara, Carlos H.
Viana, Blandina F.
Woyciechowski, Michal
Title Non-bee insects are important contributors to global crop pollination
Journal name Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1091-6490
Publication date 2016-01-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1517092112
Volume 113
Issue 1
Start page 146
End page 151
Total pages 6
Place of publication Washington DC, United States
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Wild and managed bees are well documented as effective pollinators of global crops of economic importance. However, the contributions by pollinators other than bees have been little explored despite their potential to contribute to crop production and stability in the face of environmental change. Non-bee pollinators include flies, beetles, moths, butterflies, wasps, ants, birds, and bats, among others. Here we focus on non-bee insects and synthesize 39 field studies from five continents that directly measured the crop pollination services provided by non-bees, honey bees, and other bees to compare the relative contributions of these taxa. Non-bees performed 25–50% of the total number of flower visits. Although non-bees were less effective pollinators than bees per flower visit, they made more visits; thus these two factors compensated for each other, resulting in pollination services rendered by non-bees that were similar to those provided by bees. In the subset of studies that measured fruit set, fruit set increased with non-bee insect visits independently of bee visitation rates, indicating that non-bee insects provide a unique benefit that is not provided by bees. We also show that non-bee insects are not as reliant as bees on the presence of remnant natural or seminatural habitat in the surrounding landscape. These results strongly suggest that non-bee insect pollinators play a significant role in global crop production and respond differently than bees to landscape structure, probably making their crop pollination services more robust to changes in land use. Non-bee insects provide a valuable service and provide potential insurance against bee population declines.
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Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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