High-definition phonotactics reflect linguistic pasts

Macklin-Cordes, Jayden and Round, Erich (2015). High-definition phonotactics reflect linguistic pasts. In: Johannes Wahle, Marisa Kollner, Harald Baayen, Gerhard Jager and Tineke Baayen-Oudshoorn, Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics. 6th Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics Conference, Tubingen, Germany, (1-5). 4-6 November 2015. doi:10.15496/publikation-8609


Author Macklin-Cordes, Jayden
Round, Erich
Title of paper High-definition phonotactics reflect linguistic pasts
Conference name 6th Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics Conference
Conference location Tubingen, Germany
Conference dates 4-6 November 2015
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics
Place of Publication Tubingen, Germany
Publisher University of Tubingen
Publication Year 2015
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.15496/publikation-8609
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Editor Johannes Wahle
Marisa Kollner
Harald Baayen
Gerhard Jager
Tineke Baayen-Oudshoorn
Start page 1
End page 5
Total pages 5
Total chapters 21
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Typological datasets for quantitative historicallinguistic inquiry are growing in breadth, but a challenge is also to increase their depth, since advanced methods often ideally require many hundreds of traits per language. Using biphone transition probabilities from phonemicized vocabulary data, we extract several hundred high-definition phonotactic traits per language, for 17 languages in the Ngumpin-Yapa and Yolngu subgroups of the Pama-Nyungan family, Australia. We detect phylogenetic signal at a significant level (p < 0.001 for both subgroups), measured against a reference phylogeny inferred from basic vocabulary cognacy data. This contrasts with simpler, binary coding of biphones’ occurrence, which provides insufficient detail for the detection of phylogenetic signal. Thus, we demonstrate the viability of a new method in quantitative historical linguistics, and emphasize the inferential power to be harnessed from high-definition, trait-rich datasets for comparative research.
Keyword Historical linguistics
Phonology
Phonotactics
Phylogenetic signal
Pama-Nyungan
Ngumpin-Yapa
Yolngu
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Link to publication: https://publikationen.uni-tuebingen.de/xmlui/handle/10900/67189

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
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Created: Mon, 18 Jan 2016, 09:19:44 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures