Enhancement of sludge decomposition and hydrogen production from waste activated sludge in a microbial electrolysis cell with cheap electrodes

Feng, Yinghong, Liu, Yiwen and Zhang, Yaobin (2015) Enhancement of sludge decomposition and hydrogen production from waste activated sludge in a microbial electrolysis cell with cheap electrodes. Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1 6: 761-768. doi:10.1039/c5ew00112a


Author Feng, Yinghong
Liu, Yiwen
Zhang, Yaobin
Title Enhancement of sludge decomposition and hydrogen production from waste activated sludge in a microbial electrolysis cell with cheap electrodes
Journal name Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2053-1400
2053-1419
Publication date 2015-11-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/c5ew00112a
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 1
Issue 6
Start page 761
End page 768
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Low hydrogen production from anaerobic digestion of sludge has greatly limited the application of biological hydrogen-producing technology. An Fe/graphite electrode was installed into an anaerobic digester to enhance the hydrogen production from waste sludge in this study. The electrode accelerated the decomposition of the sludge, and the production of short-chain fatty acids was 3.5 folds of that in a control anaerobic reactor with no electrode. The hydrogen production was 90.6 mL gVSS−1, while it was almost undetectable in the control. The results suggested that the hydrogen was produced from the cathodic reduction of H+ coupling with the anodic oxidation of sludge. The excessive consumption of the cathodic H+ drove the pH up to 9.2–9.5 in the electric-anaerobic system which inevitably inhibited the occurrence of methanogenesis. This led to quite low methane production in this electric-anaerobic system. The microbial analysis showed that exoelectrogens were enriched in the presence of an Fe electrode. It catalyzed the anodic oxidation of the sludge to produce more electrons for the cathodic hydrogen production. Raising the voltage supply boosted the H2 production, but the net energy output was obtained at 0.3 and 0.6 V.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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