Alternating current electrohydrodynamics in microsystems: Pushing biomolecules and cells around on surfaces

Vaidyanathan, Ramanathan, Dey, Shuvashis, Carrascosa, Laura G., Shiddiky, Muhammad J.A. and Trau, Matt (2015) Alternating current electrohydrodynamics in microsystems: Pushing biomolecules and cells around on surfaces. Biomicrofluidics, 9 061501: . doi:10.1063/1.4936300

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Author Vaidyanathan, Ramanathan
Dey, Shuvashis
Carrascosa, Laura G.
Shiddiky, Muhammad J.A.
Trau, Matt
Title Alternating current electrohydrodynamics in microsystems: Pushing biomolecules and cells around on surfaces
Journal name Biomicrofluidics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-1058
Publication date 2015-11-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1063/1.4936300
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 9
Issue 061501
Total pages 28
Place of publication Melville, NY, United States
Publisher A I P Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Electrohydrodynamics (EHD) deals with the fluid motion induced by an electric field. This phenomenon originally developed in physical science, and engineering is currently experiencing a renaissance in microfluidics. Investigations by Taylor on Gilbert's theory proposed in 1600 have evolved to include multiple contributions including the promising effects arising from electric field interactions with cells and particles to influence their behaviour on electrode surfaces. Theoretical modelling of electric fields in microsystems and the ability to determine shear forces have certainly reached an advanced state. The ability to deftly manipulate microscopic fluid flow in bulk fluid and at solid/liquid interfaces has enabled the controlled assembly, coagulation, or removal of microstructures, nanostructures, cells, and molecules on surfaces. Furthermore, the ability of electrohydrodynamics to generate fluid flow using surface shear forces generated within nanometers from the surface and their application in bioassays has led to recent advancements in biomolecule, vesicle and cellular detection across different length scales. With the integration of Alternating Current Electrohydrodynamics (AC-EHD) in cellular and molecular assays proving to be highly fruitful, challenges still remain with respect to understanding the discrepancies between each of the associated ac-induced fluid flow phenomena, extending their utility towards clinical diagnostic development, and utilising them in tandem as a standard tool for disease monitoring. In this regard, this article will review the history of electrohydrodynamics, followed by some of the recent developments in the field including a new dimension of electrohydrodynamics that deals with the utilization of surface shear forces for the manipulation of biological cells or molecules on electrode surfaces. Recent advances and challenges in the use of electrohydrodynamic forces such as dielectrophoresis and ac electrosmosis for the detection of biological analytes are also reviewed. Additionally, the fundamental mechanisms of fluid flow using electrohydrodynamics forces, which are still evolving, are reviewed. Challenges and future directions are discussed from the perspective of both fundamental understanding and potential applications of these nanoscaled shear forces in diagnostics.
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Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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