Chenier and shell midden : an investigation of cultural and natural shell deposits at Rodds Peninsula, Central Queensland Coast

Carter, Melissa (1997). Chenier and shell midden : an investigation of cultural and natural shell deposits at Rodds Peninsula, Central Queensland Coast Honours Thesis, School of Social Sciences, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Carter, Melissa
Thesis Title Chenier and shell midden : an investigation of cultural and natural shell deposits at Rodds Peninsula, Central Queensland Coast
School, Centre or Institute School of Social Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1997-10
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Annie Ross
Ian Lilley
Total pages 160
Language eng
Subjects 210301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History
Formatted abstract

In Australian archaeology distinguishing coastal shell midden deposits and natural shell formations has not been a simple task. Two of the principal contributors to this problem have been the ambiguous criteria of identification and the dynamic nature of Australia's coastal landscape. I investigate this issue by examining three excavated shell deposits from Rodds Peninsula, situated along central Queensland's Curtis Coast. Field observation and preliminary research (Lilley et a/, in press) which included the application of the new foraminferal analysis technique, determined that both cultural and natural deposits had been excavated. In this thesis, the application of the two most credible criteria for the identification of shell deposits - species diversity and intraspecific size selection - demonstrate the complex nature of these deposits. This complexity is best demonstrated by the excavated assemblage from site 'A 7', which contains interwoven deposits of cultural and natural origins. My findings illustrate the integrity of the two conventional criteria applied, whilst highlighting both the credibility and need for refinement of foraminiferal analysis. Most importantly my research highlights the complexity of coastal environments and the broad implications they manifest for Australian archaeology.

Keyword Kitchen-middens -- Queensland -- Rodds Peninsula
Rodds Peninsula (Qld.) -- Antiquities
Sites - Middens
Dating and chronology

 
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