Language development mediates the relationship between gender and relational aggression: A study of Iranian preschool children

Razmjoee, Maryam, Harnett, Paul H. and Shahaeian, Ameneh (2015) Language development mediates the relationship between gender and relational aggression: A study of Iranian preschool children. Australian Journal of Psychology, 68 4: 312-318. doi:10.1111/ajpy.12109


Author Razmjoee, Maryam
Harnett, Paul H.
Shahaeian, Ameneh
Title Language development mediates the relationship between gender and relational aggression: A study of Iranian preschool children
Journal name Australian Journal of Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1742-9536
0004-9530
Publication date 2015-11-23
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/ajpy.12109
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 68
Issue 4
Start page 312
End page 318
Total pages 7
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective
Research has highlighted the role of gender in the expression of aggression. While boys display higher levels of physical aggression, girls appear to display higher levels of relational aggression. It is proposed that the expression of relational aggression may be associated, at least in part, with a child's development of language skills. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of expressive and receptive language in the expression of relational aggression.

Method
A sample of 106 four to six-year-old Iranian children completed a test of language ability while their teachers completed a rating scale measuring the children's expression of relational aggression.

Results
Results supported the hypothesis that language skills play an important role in the development of relational aggression. Teachers reported that girls displayed significantly more relational aggression that boys. Girls were also found to have higher receptive and expressive language than boys. Finally, a mediation analysis found that language skills mediated the relationship between gender and relational aggression.

Conclusions
The results suggest that gender differences in the expression of relational aggression may be related to gender differences in the development of language as opposed to gender per se.
Keyword Culture
Gender
Language development
Relational aggression
Social development
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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