What do we know about the effect of patch size on primate species across life history traits?

Carretero-Pinzon, Xyomara, Defler, Thomas R., McAlpine, Clive A. and Rhodes, Johathan R. (2016) What do we know about the effect of patch size on primate species across life history traits?. Biodiversity and Conservation, 25 1: 37-66. doi:10.1007/s10531-015-1028-z


Author Carretero-Pinzon, Xyomara
Defler, Thomas R.
McAlpine, Clive A.
Rhodes, Johathan R.
Title What do we know about the effect of patch size on primate species across life history traits?
Journal name Biodiversity and Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1572-9710
0960-3115
Publication date 2016-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10531-015-1028-z
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 25
Issue 1
Start page 37
End page 66
Total pages 30
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Habitat loss and fragmentation are significant threats for primate species worldwide. However, few attempts have been made to look for general patterns in primate responses to habitat loss and fragmentation, or whether these may be associated with species’ traits. We conducted a review of published literature on effects of patch size to quantify the effect of a reduction in this predictor on primates, and to determine whether these effects depend on species’ traits. The effects of patch size on seven response variables (density, parasite prevalence and diversity, presence, genetic diversity, time spent feeding, resting and movement), were extracted from 135 papers and compared across six species traits (diet specialisation, social structure, body size, home range size, group size and dispersal ability). We found that density, parasitic prevalence and diversity and time spent feeding were positively associated with a reduction in patch size, while species’ presence and genetic diversity were negatively associated. Time spent resting and moving did not show clear patterns. We found little evidence that the effect of patch size varies consistently with traits. This study provides important evidence for the consistent effect of patch size on a range of factors that influence the dynamics of primate populations. However, there is a need to move beyond quantifying patch size effects alone and to quantify the effects of changes occurring at broader landscape scales. This would allow more holistic primate conservation strategies to be developed across whole landscapes rather than being focussed on the management of individual patches.
Keyword Fragmentation
Habitat loss
Landscape-scale processes
Patch size
Primates
Review
Species traits
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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