Effect of deletion of ghrelin-o-acyltransferase on the pulsatile release of growth hormone in mice

Xie, T. Y., Ngo, S. T., Veldhuis, J. D., Jeffery, P. L., Chopin, L. K., Tschop, M., Waters, M. J., Tolle, V., Epelbaum, J., Chen, C. and Steyn, F. J. (2015) Effect of deletion of ghrelin-o-acyltransferase on the pulsatile release of growth hormone in mice. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 27 12: 872-886. doi:10.1111/jne.12327

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Author Xie, T. Y.
Ngo, S. T.
Veldhuis, J. D.
Jeffery, P. L.
Chopin, L. K.
Tschop, M.
Waters, M. J.
Tolle, V.
Epelbaum, J.
Chen, C.
Steyn, F. J.
Title Effect of deletion of ghrelin-o-acyltransferase on the pulsatile release of growth hormone in mice
Journal name Journal of Neuroendocrinology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2826
Publication date 2015-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jne.12327
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 27
Issue 12
Start page 872
End page 886
Total pages 15
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Ghrelin, a gut hormone originating from the post-translational cleavage of preproghrelin, is the endogenous ligand of growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a). Within the growth hormone (GH) axis, the biological activity of ghrelin requires octanoylation by ghrelin-O-acyltransferase (GOAT), conferring selective binding to the GHS-R1a receptor via acylated ghrelin. Complete loss of preproghrelin-derived signalling (through deletion of the Ghrl gene) contributes to a decline in peak GH release; however, the selective contribution of endogenous acyl-ghrelin to pulsatile GH release remains to be established. We assessed the pulsatile release of GH in ad lib. fed male germline goat−/− mice, extending measures to include mRNA for key hypothalamic regulators of GH release, and peripheral factors that are modulated relative to GH release. The amount of GH released was reduced in young goat−/− mice compared to age-matched wild-type mice, whereas pulse frequency and irregularity increased. Altered GH release did not coincide with alterations in hypothalamic Ghrh, Srif, Npy or Ghsr mRNA expression, or pituitary GH content, suggesting that loss of Goat does not compromise canonical mechanisms that contribute to pituitary GH production and release. Although loss of Goat resulted in an irregular pattern of GH release (characterised by an increase in the number of GH pulses observed during extended secretory events), this did not contribute to a change in the expression of sexually dimorphic GH-dependent liver genes. Of interest, circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 were elevated in goat−/− mice. This rise in circulating levels of IGF-1 was correlated with an increase in GH pulse frequency, suggesting that sustained or increased IGF-1 release in goat−/− mice may occur in response to altered GH release patterning. Our observations demonstrate that germline loss of Goat alters GH release and patterning. Although the biological relevance of altered GH secretory patterning remains unclear, we propose that this may contribute to sustained IGF-1 release and growth in goat−/− mice.
Keyword Ghrelin
Growth hormone-releasing hormone
Pulsatile growth hormone secretion
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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