A review of the effect of dietary composition on fasting substrate oxidation in healthy and overweight subjects

Whelan, Megan E., Wright, Olivia R. L. and Hickman, Ingrid J. (2016) A review of the effect of dietary composition on fasting substrate oxidation in healthy and overweight subjects. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56 1: 146-151. doi:10.1080/10408398.2012.717975

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Author Whelan, Megan E.
Wright, Olivia R. L.
Hickman, Ingrid J.
Title A review of the effect of dietary composition on fasting substrate oxidation in healthy and overweight subjects
Journal name Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1549-7852
1040-8398
Publication date 2016-01-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10408398.2012.717975
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 56
Issue 1
Start page 146
End page 151
Total pages 6
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim: The purpose of this review was to assess existing evidence on the effects of chronic dietary macronutrient composition on substrate oxidation during a fasted state in healthy and overweight subjects.

Methods: A systematic review of studies was conducted across five databases. Studies were included if they were English language studies of human adults, ≥19 years, used indirect calorimetry (ventilated hood technique), specified dietary macronutrient composition, and measured substrate oxidation.

Results: There was no evidence that variations of a typical, non-experimental diet influenced rate or ratio of substrate utilization, however there may be an upper and lower threshold for when macronutrient composition may directly alter preferences for fuel oxidation rates during a fasted state.

Conclusion: This review indicates that macronutrient composition of a wide range of typical, non-experimental dietary fat and carbohydrate intakes has no effect on fasting substrate oxidation. This suggests that strict control of dietary intake prior to fasting indirect calorimetry measurements may be an unnecessary burden for study participants. Further research into the effects of long-term changes in isocaloric macronutrient shift is required.
Keyword Indirect calorimetry
Obesity
Substrate oxidation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
 
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