Age at first birth and long-term health in life course perspective: contextualizing the health effects of fertility timing

O'Flaherty, Martin, Baxter, Janeen, Haynes, Michele and Turrell, Gavin (2015). Age at first birth and long-term health in life course perspective: contextualizing the health effects of fertility timing. LCC Working Paper Series 2015-28, Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland.

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Author O'Flaherty, Martin
Baxter, Janeen
Haynes, Michele
Turrell, Gavin
Title Age at first birth and long-term health in life course perspective: contextualizing the health effects of fertility timing
School, Department or Centre Institute for Social Science Research
Institution The University of Queensland
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Series LCC Working Paper Series
Report Number 2015-28
Publication date 2015-11
Total pages 30
Language eng
Formatted abstract
We contribute to understanding the link between age at first birth (AFB) and subsequent parental health in later life by contextualizing this relationship in terms of the parents’ broader socio-economic, partnership, and parenting circumstances. Using the Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey, we analyse the relationship between AFB and general physical health (N = 5,802 women/4,743 men) and number of chronic diseases (N = 4,438 women/3,519 men). Consistent with previous research, our results show that older AFB is related to significantly better general physical health and fewer chronic diseases for both men and women. However, we also find that a) the magnitude of this relationship is reduced for more advantaged persons, and b) the strength of the relationship between AFB and physical health depends on marital history in a gender-specific fashion. Implications for life course and fundamental cause theories, and for further research, are discussed.
Keyword Age at first birth
Health
Fertility
Socio-economic resources
Life course
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Mon, 30 Nov 2015, 10:28:15 EST by Francisco Paco Perales on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research