Sources and sinks of methane and nitrous oxide in the subtropical Brisbane River estuary, South East Queensland, Australia

Sturm, Katrin, Grinham, Alistair, Werner, Ursula and Yuan, Zhiguo (2016) Sources and sinks of methane and nitrous oxide in the subtropical Brisbane River estuary, South East Queensland, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 168 10-21. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.002


Author Sturm, Katrin
Grinham, Alistair
Werner, Ursula
Yuan, Zhiguo
Title Sources and sinks of methane and nitrous oxide in the subtropical Brisbane River estuary, South East Queensland, Australia
Journal name Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0272-7714
1096-0015
Publication date 2016-01-05
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.002
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 168
Start page 10
End page 21
Total pages 12
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This study investigated sources and sinks of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) in the Brisbane River estuary, Australia. Field measurements and laboratory incubation experiments were performed to determine the contribution of the water column, sediments, influent creeks and discharge from a wastewater treatment plant, to greenhouse gas levels occurring in the estuary. Sampling was conducted at 16 sites along the estuary with more detailed studies at three of these sites, located in the lower, middle and upper estuarine reaches, respectively. The estuary is a source of CH4 and N2O with their saturation in the surface water ranging between 2160 and 26,900% for CH4, and between 140 and 230% for N2O, relative to their respective atmospheric concentrations. Estuarine sediments were identified as sources for both CH4 and N2O, as concentrations for both dissolved gases were higher in the pore water at the sediment surfaces in comparison to the water column samples at all sites. Methane and N2O were produced in silty sediments as shown in sediment-water incubations. Creeks were detected to be a source of CH4 and N2O, as their concentrations were higher in the creek in comparison to those measured at the confluence of the creek and the estuary. The estuarine water column was identified as a CH4 sink; however, the water column was neither a sink nor a source for N2O. A wastewater treatment plant discharging effluent into the tributary did not contribute significantly to the creek CH4 levels, but may have elevated N2O at the direct point of discharge. A budget estimate of the Brisbane River estuary showed that sediments are not the sole source of CH4, as the sediment-water fluxes are far less (1%) than what is consumed, emitted or transported to the ocean. An unknown CH4 source is therefore likely present, which is yet to be revealed. In contrast, most of N2O produced in the estuarine sediments was emitted to the atmosphere.
Keyword Methane
Nitrous oxide
Sources
Sinks
Estuaries
Subtropical
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 24 Nov 2015, 16:53:01 EST by Dr Alistair Grinham on behalf of School of Civil Engineering