Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis

Madigan, C. D., Daley, A. J., Kabir, E., Aveyard, P. and Brown, W. (2015) Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Obesity, 39 11: 1601-1606. doi:10.1038/ijo.2015.116


Author Madigan, C. D.
Daley, A. J.
Kabir, E.
Aveyard, P.
Brown, W.
Title Cluster analysis of behavioural weight management strategies and associations with weight change in young women: a longitudinal analysis
Journal name International Journal of Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-5497
0307-0565
Publication date 2015-11-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/ijo.2015.116
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 39
Issue 11
Start page 1601
End page 1606
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background/Objectives: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for the prevention of many chronic diseases. Little is known about the strategies used by young women to manage their weight, or the effectiveness of these in preventing weight gain. We aimed to identify clusters of weight control strategies used by women and to determine the average annual weight change among women in each cluster from 2000 to 2009.

Methods: Latent cluster analysis of weight control strategies reported by 8125 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health. Analyses were performed in March–November 2014.

Results: Weight control strategies were used by 79% of the women, and four unique clusters were found. The largest cluster group (39.7%) was named dieters as 90% had been on a diet in the past year, and half of these women had lost 5 kg on purpose. Women cut down on size of meals, fats and sugars and took part in vigorous physical activity. Additionally 20% had used a commercial programme. The next largest cluster (30.2%) was the healthy living group who followed the public health messages of ‘eat less and move more’. The do nothing group (20%) did not actively control their weight whereas the perpetual dieters group (10.7%) used all strategies, including unhealthy behaviours. On average women gained 700 g per year (over 9 years); however, the perpetual dieters group gained significantly more weight (210 g) than the do nothing group (P<0.001).

Conclusions: Most women are actively trying to control their weight. The most successful approach was to follow the public health guidelines on health eating and physical activity.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 1 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 24 Nov 2015, 03:00:03 EST by System User on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences