Gender Wage Inequality: The De-gendering of the Occupational Structure

Brynin, Malcolm and Perales, Francisco (2015) Gender Wage Inequality: The De-gendering of the Occupational Structure. European Sociological Review, 32 1: 162-174. doi:10.1093/esr/jcv092

Author Brynin, Malcolm
Perales, Francisco
Title Gender Wage Inequality: The De-gendering of the Occupational Structure
Journal name European Sociological Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0266-7215
Publication date 2015-11-25
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/esr/jcv092
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 32
Issue 1
Start page 162
End page 174
Total pages 13
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The gender segregation of occupations is an enduring feature of the labour market, and pay in female-dominated occupations remains lower than in male-dominated occupations. However, recent changes in the occupational structure have possibly altered the relationship between occupational segregation and the gender pay gap. Women’s skills are increasingly in demand, and this is reducing the gender wage gap. We explore this premise using individual- and occupation-level Labour Force Survey and household panel data from Britain augmented with an innovative proxy indicator of productivity across occupations. The wage effects of occupational feminization are not as high as previously shown once this indicator is taken into account. Additionally, we find evidence that such wage effects are evolving into more complex processes, including differing impacts for graduates and non-graduates as well as for employees in graduate and non-graduate jobs. Claims that gender segregation is losing importance as a structuring factor in labour-market outcomes are therefore accurate. However, this applies mostly to women in jobs requiring high-level skills. Segregation continues to lower pay substantially for women in occupations requiring limited skills.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
Official 2016 Collection
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Created: Thu, 19 Nov 2015, 08:18:33 EST by Francisco Paco Perales on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research