West Nile Virus in Mosquitoes of Iranian Wetlands

Bagheri, Masoomeh, Terenius, Olle, Oshaghi, Mohammad Ali, Motazakker, Morteza, Asgari, Sassan, Dabiri, Farrokh, Vatandoost, Hassan, Bavani, Mulood Mohammadi and Chavshin, Ali Reza (2015) West Nile Virus in Mosquitoes of Iranian Wetlands. Vector-borne And Zoonotic Diseases, 15 12: 750-754. doi:10.1089/vbz.2015.1778


Author Bagheri, Masoomeh
Terenius, Olle
Oshaghi, Mohammad Ali
Motazakker, Morteza
Asgari, Sassan
Dabiri, Farrokh
Vatandoost, Hassan
Bavani, Mulood Mohammadi
Chavshin, Ali Reza
Title West Nile Virus in Mosquitoes of Iranian Wetlands
Journal name Vector-borne And Zoonotic Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1530-3667
1557-7759
Publication date 2015-11-13
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1089/vbz.2015.1778
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 15
Issue 12
Start page 750
End page 754
Total pages 5
Place of publication New Rochelle, NY United States
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The West Nile virus (WNV) transmission cycle includes a wide range of migratory wetland birds as reservoirs, mosquitoes as biological vectors, and equines and humans as dead-end hosts. Despite the presence of potential vector species, there is no information about the existence of WNV in mosquito vectors in Iran. The Iranian West Azerbaijan Province is located in the northwestern part of Iran and has borders with Turkey, Iraq, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The current study was conducted to identify the wetland mosquitoes of the West Azerbaijan Province and their infection with WNV. In this study, 2143 specimens were collected, comprising 1541 adults and 602 larvae. Six species belonging to four genera were collected and identified: Anopheles maculipennis sensu lato (s.l.), Culex (Cx.) hortensis, Cx. pipiens s.l., Cx. theileri, Culiseta longiareolata, and Aedes (Ae.) (Ochlerotatus) caspius. In total, 45 pools of mosquitoes were examined. Two of the adult pools collected from the same location showed the presence of WNV in Ae. (Och.) caspius, from Sangar, Makoo County, as confirmed by PCR and sequencing. Due to the discovery of WNV in the mosquito population of the region, and the presence of wetlands and significant populations of migratory birds, the health sector should carefully monitor the factors involved in the cycle of this disease.
Keyword West Nile virus
Culicidae
Arboviruses
Iran
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 18 Nov 2015, 20:22:26 EST by Prof Sassan Asgari on behalf of School of Biological Sciences