The Persistence of Hunting and Gathering Economies

Svizzero, Serge and Tisdell, Clem (2015) The Persistence of Hunting and Gathering Economies. Social Evolution and History, 14 2: 3-26.

Author Svizzero, Serge
Tisdell, Clem
Title The Persistence of Hunting and Gathering Economies
Journal name Social Evolution and History
ISSN 1681-4363
Publication date 2015-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 14
Issue 2
Start page 3
End page 26
Total pages 24
Place of publication Volgograd, Russian Federation
Publisher Izdatel'skii Dom Uchitel'
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
After agriculture commenced ten thousand years ago, hunting and gathering economies are supposed to have shrunk rapidly, almost vanishing except in areas unsuitable for cultivation. We demonstrate that, even after the diffusion of agropastoralism, some of these economies persisted until recent times and some even survive nowadays. We develop three main arguments. First, foraging should be viewed as a possible optimal alternative to farming. Second, some foragers were involved into a dual economy in which they traded with farmers. Moreover, food procurement (gathering and hunting) and food production were combined by some groups of people. While these mixed-economies are often perceived as a necessary but temporary and an unstable stage in cultural evolution, in some cases, they proved to be a stable end-point or to be sustained for a very long time. Third, it is argued that some hunter-gatherers did not adopt agriculture owing to their values, beliefs and institutions.
Keyword Hunting and gathering economies
Arctic indigenous societies
Forager trader
Transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Economics Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 17 Nov 2015, 11:38:46 EST by Emeritus Professor Clement Tisdell on behalf of School of Economics